Dhaka Travel Blog› entry 8 of 12 › view all entries
Dhaka is charged with a raw energy that is at once enraging and engaging. Millions of frenzied pursuits constantly churn together into a collective activity - it is an urban melting pot bubbling over. Nothing seems seems to stand still..
Dhaka, formerly Dacca, is the capital and largest city of Bangladesh. It is located in one of the world's leading rice- and jute-growing regions. Its industries include textiles (jute, muslin, cotton) and food processing, especially rice milling. A variety of other consumer goods are also manufactured here. The Muslim influence is reflected in the more than 700 mosques and historic buildings found throughout the city. Dhaka is divided into an old city and the new city, and many residential and industrial communities.
Dhaka was founded during the 10th century. It served as the Mogul capital of Bengal from 1608 to 1704 and was a trading center for British, French, and Dutch interests before coming under British rule in 1765. In 1905 it was again named the capital of Bengal, and in 1956 it became the capital of East Pakistan. The city suffered heavy damage during the Bangladesh war of independence (1971). The romanized spelling of the Bengali name was changed from Dacca to Dhaka in 1982.