Go to Sebesi Island - A neighbourhood of Krakatau Islands

Bandar Lampung Travel Blog

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In my jouney in Sebesi island, on July 31st �" 1st August 2008

Biological condition of the Tejang Village Coastal and Regahan Lada Hamlet -ISLAND SEBESI

As a Efforts To Regional Development ecotourism Island


Lampung Province, which has a land area of 35376.5 ± Km2, located in the 103040 ‘BT up to 105050′ BT and 03045 ‘to 06045 LS’ LS with a long coastline ± 1,105 km (including some islands) is divided into 4 regional waters, among other West Coastal waters (± 210 km), Semaka Bay (± 200 km), Lampung Bay and the Sunda Strait (± 160 km), and East Coastal (± 270 km). Not so surprising if the waters of the region of Lampung Province has the potential for the development of tourism activities that environmental or better known as ecotourism. However, all the necessary support by all parties, both local government, central government, and citizens. Besides, monitoring of these areas needs to be done, so it can be used as reference material for publication tourism facilities. One of these activities is monitoring the condition of coastal biology, such as the condition of coral reef ecosystems, forests, beaches, forests and mangrove forests.

One of the islands in the area of waters of the Bay of Lampung, Lampung Province is the Sunda Island Sebesi. The islands have a wide ± 2,620 ha of this, administratively located in the area of South Lampung regency, and have topographic region sloping plains to form a high altitude so that the distance from the visible face of such high-pitched hill or mountain above the sea surface covered by various types of plants that dominated the tree coconut, while the coastal areas form of rock and sand substrates. Besides, this island is one of the islands nearest populated area with the Nature Reserve of Krakatau Islands, so that in the southern islands (Gubug Seng Hamlet) can be seen the view of Krakatau Islands. Island villages have Sebesi parent, the Village supervise Tejang of several hamlets such as Regahan Lada, Segenom, and Gubug Seng. Biology Coastal Condition  of Sebesi island coastal areas that have enough variety. The coastal regions have generally can be found in the area of the North-West Power islands and sandy beaches, muddy areas in the East to the South Sea islands. Meanwhile the own vegetation consists of forest trees from the beach (the South-North) and of tidal forest / mangrove as Avicenia and Rizhopora (the South �" East Sea). This is related to the composition of substrate for the growth and development of the vegetation is generally quite diverse. In the substrate consisting of sand-rock, growing vegetation of the coastal forest as Waru (Hibiscus sp), Hamilton (Terminalia sp), Beringin (Ficus sp), Pandan (Pandanus tectorius), Cemara (Casuarina sp) and Putat (Barringtonia sp). Meanwhile, in the substrate, which consists of mud, sand, in general, the vegetation of the mangrove forest what dominate as Rhizopora sp (Mangroves), Avicenia sp (Api-api), and Sonneratia sp (Bogem). Tejang Village and Regahan Lada Hamlet that is located on the East and Southeast of Sebesi Island, although not as extensive coastal vegetation have good enough. In addition to the vegetation of coastal forests such as Putat, Ficus, Cemara, and the thorny Pandan, was also found mangrove forest vegetation, such as its Api-api, Bakau, and Bogem. The existence of mangrove fore while the soft coral generally dominated by Xenia sp, Sarcophyton sp, and Sinularia sp and is estimated to grow to cover this area, about 25%.

Same as well as hard coral, soft coral grow on dead coral substrate and can be found at a depth of 2 meters to 5 meters. Both these groups of coral compete with the existence of other lines such as fire coral (Millepora sp), the producer of lime Hallimeda sp Garden plants and Sponge. itself is not separate from the interaction with the source of fresh water and substrate, which consists mainly of mud and a little sand.  In the area of coral reefs its own, around the island Sebesi is quite ideal to grow and develop diverse coral animals. However, the condition is quite alarming, this is due high enough to the use of the bomb before the year 2000 and further still use of the equipment traditional instrument for fish catching as bubu by the fishermen.  In the end, the activity of catching the sea area around the coral reefs by fishermen leave the disintegration of the coral reef ecosystem itself, which is now dominated by the only type of Garden plants of Hallimeda sp and Sargassum sp. This condition can be seen for all areas of coral reef on the Sebesi island. In fact, Sebesi Island Regional have Marine Protection (above sea level), which aims to maintain the ecosystem of coral reef itself. One of the places are Tejang village in and Regahan Lada Hamlet. In Tejang Village, the area above sea level itself ± 7 Ha, who is in the burn Jawo (residents call Sawo Island). Char (patch Reef) itself is a coral reef area that based on the formation of coral reefs form a separate shallow areas of the Sawo island.  have singed the animal diversity of coral reefs, both of the hard coral (hard corals) and soft coral (soft corals). For hard coral can be found the presence Goniophora sp, Stylophora sp, Acropora sp, Porites sp, Montipora sp, Poccilopora verrucosa, Pectinia sp, and Fungia sp. Coral-reef is generally grown on the substrate and dead coral can be found at a depth of 2 meters to 9 meters. It is estimated the condition of hard coral living in the Sawo Islang above sea level about 20%.

Besides the existence of coral reefs, also found the other associations such as mollusk  biota that have not sell as nudibranch (seaslug) from the species of Phyllidia sp and Chromodoris sp, reef fish from the group Pomacanthridae (damselfish), Scaridae (Parrotfish), Chaetodontidae (butterflyfish), and anemon fish (Amphiprion sp), sea star Fromia sp, sea Lily (Cenometra bella), and Tridacna sp clam. The existence of this biota association with the very existence depends on the coral reef area and together form a relationship in one ecosystem.

In addition to the presence of marine protected areas in the village of Tejang, Regahan Lada has a coral reef rehabilitation of areas with coral transplantation techniques. Coral transplantation is a model of multiplication artificial of inplant's coral reef  do with the artificial substrate (a mixture of cement-sand). this inplant  is a fragment or small pieces of coral reef which was obtained from the region Sebesi Island waters or from neighboring islands. Then the fragment will be put on coral or substrate media, which is made from a mixture of cement-sand. Substrate can be a block or a square block and a block layout designed, so that the form such as building shelves.  Coral reefs have been planted that has been generally successful, but there are some who experienced the death of the disturbances around the reef as transplant covering by Garden plants, the mud brought by water flow, or also because irrespective of the union.  Thus glimpse of the coastal biological Sebesi Island. It is expected that with a little of this information, all parties will be more responsive and trying to participate to maintain the sustainability and the importance of their presence as one of the capital and sustainable support to improve the resilience of the economy through environmental tourism (ecotourism). For the future we will be more aware hopefully of human behavior that causes changes in the environment capacity will cause damage, therefore the ecosystem is vulnerable, such as the coastal forest ecosystem, mangrove forests and coral reefs. If this happens, it will be very harmful of all parties and therefore, hopefully the government and each people will help to participate in the planning and rehabilitation activities for the restoration of conditions that have damaged the environment around us in this. Hopefully …

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photo by: justasimsim