Legacy of the Dutch, Portuguese and English
Malacca Travel Blog› entry 31 of 59 › view all entries
March 16th, 2010 – by: herman_munster
A cultural result of the vibrant trade was the expansion of the Peranakan people, who spread to other major settlements in the region. Peranakan or Baba-Nyonya is terms used for the descendants of late 15th and 16th century Chinese immigrants to the Nusantara region during the Colonial era.
European colonization started by The Portuguese set sail from Goa to Malacca with a force of some 1200 men and ships conquered the city in 1511. It became a strategic base for Portuguese expansion in the East Indies. In 1641 the Dutch defeated the Portuguese to capture Malacca and ruled it till 1795.
Malacca was ceded to the British in the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824 in exchange for Bencoolen on Sumatra. From 1826 to 1946 Malacca was governed, first by the British East India Company and then as a Crown Colony. It formed part of the Straits Settlements, together with Singapore and Penang. After the dissolution of this crown colony, Malacca and Penang became part of the Malayan Union, which later became Malaysia.
Malacca has been listed as UNESCO World Heritage site since 2008.
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