November 17th, 2009 – by: delsol67
As a final stop for the day, I stopped at Kolossi. It has the best preserved Medieval castle in Cyprus. The structure and its details have help up remarkably well. Kolossi Castle is a stronghold a few kilometers outside Limassol. It held great strategic importance and contained production of sugar, one of Cyprus' main exports in the Middle Ages. The original castle was possibly built in 1210 by Frankish military when the land of Kolossi was given by King Hugh III to the Knights of the Order of St John of Jerusalem (Hospitallers) and the present castle was built in 1454 by the Hospitallers. The castle’s residents included Richard I of England,the Templars and the already mentioned Hospitallers. Nearby there is a 14th century sugar mill that looks a bit like a church.
It is a stone made fortress with walls of a 1.
25 m. depth, with three walls of a 21 m. height. The base ground was most probably used as a store with two underground cisterns. One can enter the first floor via a suspended bridge. On the south wall of one of the two big rooms of the base ground there is a wall painting representing the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ and the blazon of Magnac photo 4, which is the testimony of the devotional use of this room while the next room with the fireplace was likely to be the main dining and reception room.
The church with no name
On the second floor there are two more rooms, which were used for lodging. On the roof of the monument, a scalding bowl and loopholes bring the thought of the visitor back to medieval sieges.
In 1191, Richard the Lion heart celebrated his marriage to Berengaria of Navarre in the castle.
There is a little Byzantine church just a block away but, I can find no information on it…..cute little church, though.