Mayapan "Standard of the Maya"
Mayapan Travel Blog› entry 20 of 25 › view all entries
October 21st, 2009 – by: geokid
Mayapan is reported to have been the political seat of the Maya from the 1200s to the 1400s. Most of the 4 km square walled city was packed with approximately 3,500 residential buildings; Mayapan is estimated to have housed some 11,000 to 15,000 people.
In 1221 the Maya revolted against the Maya-Toltec lords of Chichen Itza. After a short civil war the lords of many powerful cities and families met develop a new central government to Yucatan.
Today Mayapan is not as impressive as Chichen Itza of Uxmal. There are two reason contributing to this, first Mayapan was not built at the same high quality level as other older centers and the revolt ended with the roofs of every building burnt or torn down. The central pyramide and observatory of Mayapan have survived in fairly good condition and a close copies of the same structures at Chichen Itza. There were a few other moderately sized temples and a palace erected at Mayapan but the majority were smaller and of a lower quality when compared to Chichen Itza and Uxmal.
The Carnegie Institution in the 1950s invested five years of archeological investigations at Mayapan. In 2001 further investigations at the site were made under the direction of Grinnell College.
El Castillo de Kukulcan of Mayapan was documented by Catherwood and Stevenson. This is Stephen description: "It is sixty feet high and one hundred feet square at the base... Four grand staircases, each twenty-five feet wide, ascend to an esplanade within six feet of the top... These staircases are all in a ruinous condition; the steps are almost entirely gone, and we climbed up by means of fallen stones... The summit was a plain stone platform, fifteen feet square. It had no structure upon it, nor were there any vestiges of any... far in the distance could be discerned the towers of the church at Tekoh (Tecoh)."
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