Museums and Murals

Mexico City Travel Blog

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On our first day in Mexico City we visit the Zocalo  area. The Cathedral and National Palace with many of Diego Rivera’s remarkable murals on the history of Mexico are all built on top of Tenochtitian the old Aztec capital. Afterwards we will visit the museum of Anthropology, one of the finest museums in the world, its exhibits offer a taste of the history ahead of us.  

The Nahua Aztec or Mexica tribe established Mexico City on March 18, 1325 and it became the capital of a sophisticated growing empire. It was originally located on a small island but because of its rapid growth, the city was forced to build artificial islands and a series of canals to absorb the growth of the metropolis.

Rulers like Izcoatl, Moctezuma I, Axayacatl, Tizoc, Ahyuizotl, and Moctezuma II and their groups of eagle-warriors and jaguar-warriors led the city successfully with a pre-Colombian civilization.

In 1519, the Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes entered the area. He acquired the city on August 13, 1521 and in 1524, it was rebuilt as the capital of the viceroyalty of New Spain. It was the political and cultural center of Mexico and the administration of Guatemala, Yucatan, Cuba, Florida and Philippines was carried out from the city. The baroque Metropolitan Cathedral and the Basilica of Guadalupe were built during this period.

After the Cathedral we walk across the square to the Museo Palacial National .Built on the ruins of the Aztec temple, the palace was erected on the site of the former palace of Moctezuma, and Cortés who maintained his headquarters here. The original building has undergone countless changes in the past four centuries. Today the National Palace houses the offices of the president and the Finance Ministry. The central staircase and mezzanine are decorated with some of Diego Rivera´s most stirring murals, giving a vivid pictorial history of Mexico.

We travel by metro from the Zocolo to The Antropology Museum. An impressive modern museum, visited by 2 million people every year.It tells the story of Mexico from before the Mayan civilization to the Spanish conquest.

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