The AlcĂˇzar of Sevilla after a Week & a Half of Thinking.
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April 23rd, 2009 – by: oldschoolbill
A 5 minute walk from Casa de Tuga is the AlcĂˇzar of Seville AlcĂˇzares Reales de Sevillaâ€ť or â€śRoyal Alcazars of Sevilleâ€ť a royal palace in Seville that was originally a Moorish fort. The Almohades were the first to start construction on what was called Al-Muwarak, on the grounds of what is now known as the AlcĂˇzar. Â The Â AlcĂˇzar is one of the best examples of mudĂ©jar architecture left in the world.
The palace is arranged in blocks on three sides around a rectangular court, entered through the remains of an Almohad wall with arched openings.Â The block opposite the entrance has a faĂ§ade ornamented with blind interlacing polylobed arcades.
Though the IslamicizingÂ Print of the AlcĂˇzar is traditionally attributed to the work of Old School Muslim craftsmen sent from Granada, it is not clear that the visual language created by the Nasrids at the Alhambra was only executed by Muslim craftsmen. The existence of churches, monasteries, and synagogues on the Iberian Peninsula that uses thisÂ style suggests that such forms were widely appropriated by non-Muslim patrons and craftsmen whoÂ were able & trained toÂ work in this popular idiom.
Patio de las DoncellasÂ before being renovated to historic arrangement the English name for this section is "The Courtyard of the Maidens."Â The name refers to the legend that the Moors demanded 100 virgins every year as tribute from Christian kingdoms in Iberia. The story of the tribute may have been used as a myth to bolster the Reconquista movement, but it may have had some truth to it in the sexual abuse of Christian women by the powerful Moors.
The lower level of the Patio was built for Pedro I (Pedro da Player) and includes inscriptions describing Pedro as a "sultan." Various lavish reception rooms are located on the sides of the Patio. In the center is a large, rectangular reflecting pool with sunken gardens on either side. For many years, the courtyard was entirely paved in marble with a fountain in the center.
The upper story of the Patio was an addition made by Charles V. The addition was designed by Luis de Vega in the style of the Italian Renaissance although he did include both Renaissance and mudĂ©jar plaster work in the decorations. Construction of the addition began in 1540 and ended in 1572.
Los BaĂ±os de DoĂ±a MarĂa de PadillaThe "Baths of Lady MarĂa de Padilla" are rainwater tanks beneath the Patio del Crucero. The tanks are named after MarĂa de Padilla, the mistress of Pedro the Cruel. Supposedly, Pedro fell for MarĂa and had her husband killed. MarĂa resisted his advances and poured boiling oil over her face to disfigure herself to stop Pedro's pursuit.
The Casa de ContrataciĂłn (House of Trade) lies off the la Monteria. It was built in 1503 by the Spanish Monarchs to regulate trade with the New World colonies. The Casa dealt with trade related legal disputes on trade with the Americas. The "Casa" includes a chapel where Colombus met with Ferdinand and Isabella after his second voyage.
Â The Patio de las Doncellas is surrounded by luxurious rectangular reception halls ornamented with carved wood doors, ceilings, and polychrome glazed tile dados - all of which visually connect the AlcĂˇzar to the contemporary Nasrid palaces of the Alhambra. Paved with white marble, the Patio de las Doncellas has a large central fountain and is surrounded by an arcade ornamented with elaborately carved stucco.
The Patio de las MuĂ±ecas (Court of the Dolls) is a smaller, though richly ornamented, interior courtyard located southeast of the Patio de las Doncellas, but still within the palace block north of the entrance court.
The block on the west side of the entrance courtyard contains the square, vaulted Hall of Justice. The interior of the Hall opens onto the Patio del Yesso (Court of Stucco), whose name refers to the court's decoration in carved stucco. The two spaces are connected by water - a shallow fountain basin in the Hall's pavement flows into the pool of the Patio del Yesso along a shallow channel, much like the pavilion water features in the Alhambra's Court of the Lions.
OSB Tip-Take along extra sets of batteries & allow lots of time as this one of the most amazing things I have ever seen.
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