Yaxuna A Day Trip Out Of Hotel Zaci, Valladolid
Yaxuna Travel Blog› entry 12 of 14 › view all entries
March 13th, 2009 – by: geokid
YaxunĂˇ is a large second-rank Maya center at (20Â°27â€˛N, 88Â°40â€˛W) that is 13 miles south of ChichĂ©n ItzĂˇ This is about the geographic center of the Yucatan. Yaxuna is older than Chichen Itza by at least 500 years. A recent survey has documented more than 650 structures in the central 1 square mile of the site, varying from major acropolises that covering more than 2.5 acres to small foundations of building constructed of perishable materials. The mounded features of the site continue outward from the site center for at least 3/4 of a mile in all directions. The survey did not determine clear limit to the ancient community.
Among the numerous building complexes at Yaxuna, the North Acropolis is the largest visible complex. This large platform has 3 large stepped pyramidal platform structures erected on top. The base of these three pyramidal structure date to the Late Pre-Classic.
In the Terminal Classic, conquerors from the Puuc area of the Yucatan added a decorated building onto the south face of eastern pyramidal platform of the North Acropolis for their "Popul Na", War Council House.
Excavations of this Popul Na, War Council House has revealed compelling evidence for a Termination Ritual of this structure. The excavation of the Popul Na revealed a ritual pattern of interior burning, burned offerings, smashed water vessels, and a deliberate and technical dismantling of this highly symbolic building.
The Yaxuna ball court is 325'south of the North Acropolis complex on the center line of both the triple pyramid complex and the entire ceremonial center.
An interesting recent discovery at Yaxuna is the site of Xcan Ha which is located about 1.25 miles north of center of Yaxuna.
It is a defensive structure, built to withstand a long siege. It is constructed of solid stone with mortar joint. This is the farthest northern military outpost of Yaxuna. It is in a direct line with Chichen ItzĂˇ. Since it is believed that the citizens of YaxunĂˇ were aligned with the rulers of CobĂˇ it is possible that the Xcan Ha site was a defensive early warning fort to detect and delay attacks from Chichen Itza and to warn the city of Yaxuna of impending danger from ChichĂ©n ItzĂˇ.
The old, Pre-Classic center of YaxunĂˇ lies in the southern groups of triad pyramids. Here is a pyramid structure that stood during Pre-Classic times and was the tallest structure north of the imperial Peten city, El Mirador.
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