Cerros Travel Blog› entry 1 of 1 › view all entries
February 13th, 2009 – by: geokid
Cerros ("Spanish for Hill") Archaeological Reserve is more than 53 acres on the top of a hill overlooking Chetumal Bay. Cerros is across Chetumal Bay from Corozal. Cerros sits on a peninsula at the mouth of the New River that empties into Chetumal Bay. Cerros served as an link between the coastal canoe trading routes that circumnavigated the Yucatán Peninsula and inland waterways. Cerros is a Pre-Classic (350 BC - 250 AD) Maya coastal trading center of more than 50 acres. Cerros is one of only two Pre-Classic Maya sites with no later additions to its structures. There are 5 temples with adjacent plazas, two ball courts and an extensive canal system with raise field agriculture. Adjacent to the south side of the site is a crescent-shaped canal system that encloses the central portion of the site and includes several raised fields.
Cerros was first occupied some time prior to 350 BC. Cerros was a small village of farmers, fishermen and traders. They took advantage of the fertile soils, increased the amount of arable land by creating raised fields from soils excavated to form canals. Cerros had easy access to the sea and inland waterways. The population of Cerros produced abundant food store, manufactured finished goods and traded these items with the other Maya in the area. Sometime around 50 BC the population of Cerros began to experiment with the concept of kingship.
Cerros provides a 360 degree view of the surrounding region. The New River is a habitat for a variety of wildlife that includes more that 100 species of birds, crocodiles and manatee. Open 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM, entrance fee of $3.00 US. The site may be reach by heading northeast from Orange Walk heading through San Estevan, Progresso and Copperbank to Cerros at roads end. Cerros is about 1 hour from Orange Walk. The site provides restrooms, water, and a covered picnic area.
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