Caguana Travel Blog› entry 1 of 1 › view all entries
Caguana Ceremonial Ball Courts site in located in barrio Caguana, Utado, Puerto Rico, in a tropical rain forest east of Aguadilla. Caguanais the most important archaeological sites in Puerto Rico and on off the most important of the West Indies. Archaeologists estimate the site construction began by the Taino Culture people around 1225 AD. Taino people leveled this hill top to construct this site prior to 1200 AD. Approximately 30 ball courts (bateyes) have been identified. Numerous bateyes have been restored to their original state. Numerous monoliths and petroglyphs are carved or pecked into rocks associated with the bateyes. Several of these carvings exceed one ton in weight, however, most are a few hundred pounds or less. The source of the rock is currently identified as the adjacent Tanama River. Caguana is within sight of Cemí Mountain. believed to be the home of the Tiano Culture gods. It is likely that Cemí Mountainand is the reason the Tiano Culture built the ball courts in this area. This site is managed by the Puerto Rican Cultural Institute as a park under the name Caguana Indigenous Ceremonial Center. The United States National Park Service had it placed on the National Register of Historic Places and placed it on the National Historic Landmark list under the name Caguana Site. The park includes a small museum and a garden featuring the useful plants of the Tiano Culture.