Arnhem during the war.
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sunday august 30 there is a big event in arnhem, Living statues. It is always busy that day, but very very nice to see!
This year is the 65th remembrance of the battle of Arnhem. It wil be held from 17th sept. until the 21th of september. For a lot of Old Soldiers this will be the last time they are able to visit arnhem. So if you are interested in history this is a very nice moment to visit Arnhem. (i will update when i hear how the programm is) "Lest we forget". (the hotels in the neighborhoud are fully booked)
In 1935 the bridge over the Rijn was finished. But in 1940 already destroyed by the German army. During the war it was rebuild again. This was a very important bridge in Arnhem it is called the John Frostbridge.
D-Day. June 6 1944. The allied millitary force landed on the coastline of Normandie in France. In a fast tempo they conquered France and Belgium. In the early day's of september they reached the dutch border. They wanted to take Germany in a fast way. So they made a provocative plan. Through Brabant en Limburg they would march quickly to Nijmegen and Arnhem.
The part Market (markt) was meant for the airbornelanding. They had to conquer several rivers and bridges. Eindhoven, Nijmegen and Arnhem. The groundforces had to move with their tank and artillery as quick as possibel to the North. This is the part Garden (tuin).
The memorial day was 17 september 1944, from airports from England more than two thousend planes took off. Not only paratroopers but also cars and light artillery were send to Holland. A big part of those planes flew in the direction of Arnhem. Just after noon the first British para's landed on the moor near Heelsum, Wolfheze and Ede.
From the place where the troops landed they walked as soon as possible to the Rijnbrug (bridge) in Arnhem. The closer they got to Arnhem the heavier the resistance from the Germans was. Just one battalion under command from Lieutenant-colonel John Frost was able to reach the bridge. They could not do that alone but there was no reinforcement. John Frost was able to maintain for four days. But no help came. He had to surrender. A great number of his man died. The Bridge in Arnhem was One Bridge Too Far!!
What reminded me was that the movie A bridge too far was shoot at the bridge in Deventer.
A lot of people are curious about the name of the second bridge. The nelson Mandela bridge. There is not much information to tell you about the name. The bridge used to name Roermondsplein bridge. In the 1994 they simply changed the name.
There is a possiblity that there will be build a new bridge, because the Schuytgraaf is expanding very much. There are always trafficjams.
And a quit new bridge, connecting Presikhaaf to Arnhem south. This bridge is called the Andrej Sacharov bridge. A russian Nobel price winner.
If you are interested in more history and you want to know more about market garden, than this is the link to it! http://www.market-garden.com/2010/UK/page1.html
I just found a wonderful website of arnhem with all kinds of video's to get a real good impression of the things you would like to visit. www.
If you are interested in history and the second world war The Airborne Museum Hartenstein is a nice option.
It is located Utrechtseweg 232, 6862 AZ Oosterbeek. telephone number: 026-3337710 www.airbornemuseum.nl Openingshours: april until oktober monday until saturday 10.00-17.00 hour. november until march 11.00-17.00 hour. On sundays and special days from 12.00-17.00 hour. Exept the first of january and 25 december. Price is 5,50 Euro. The museum is in a renovation at the moment, but the reopening wil be 28 august 2009.
For those who are really interested in air pictures of Arnhem during the war: The RAF took those pictures and they are putting them online in a few days. www.aerial.rcahms.gov.uk .