Arnhem during the war.

Arnhem Travel Blog

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John Frost!!

sunday august 30 there is a big event in arnhem, Living statues. It is always busy that day, but very very nice to see!

This year is the 65th remembrance of the battle of Arnhem. It wil be held from 17th sept. until the 21th of september. For a lot of Old Soldiers this will be the last time they are able to visit arnhem. So if you are interested in history this is a very nice moment to visit Arnhem. (i will update when i hear how the programm is)  "Lest we forget". (the hotels in the neighborhoud are fully booked)

In 1935 the bridge over the Rijn was finished. But in 1940 already destroyed by the German army.  During the war it was rebuild again. This was a very important bridge in Arnhem it is called the John Frostbridge.

the John Frost Bridge build in 1935 The Battle was very heavy during the second world war. This bridge is illuminated by the colours of the battalion.
This bridge was the centre of a the big battle. There was a heavy fight between German armoured cars and English para's. Most of the buildings in Arnhem where destroyed. The Maarten van Rossum house and the Eusebius church where restored with a lot of effort. A piece of the pillar from the Palais of Justice was put as a monument on the Airbornesquare. (the Berekuil).

D-Day. June 6 1944. The allied millitary force landed on the coastline of Normandie in France. In a fast tempo they conquered France and Belgium. In the early day's of september they reached the dutch border. They wanted to take Germany in a fast way. So they made a provocative plan. Through Brabant en Limburg they would march quickly to Nijmegen and Arnhem.

Blazon from Arnhem
They thought when we have conquered Arnhem we can easily reach Germany, to the main goal  the industrial area of germany (ruhrgebied).  But that had to be done in a few days. This plan was called: Market Garden.

The part Market (markt)  was meant for the airbornelanding. They had to conquer several rivers and bridges. Eindhoven, Nijmegen and Arnhem.  The groundforces had to move with their tank and artillery as quick as possibel to the North. This is the part Garden (tuin).

The memorial day was 17 september 1944, from airports from England more than two thousend planes took off. Not only paratroopers but also cars and light artillery were send to Holland. A big part of those planes flew in the direction of Arnhem. Just after noon the first British para's landed on the moor near Heelsum, Wolfheze and Ede.

source archieve from arnhem
(these people where called "the red devils".) In a short time an immense millitary force was grounded. In a few days, more than ten thousend man would be in that area. Ready to fight. On that sunday not much people knew that there was someting going on. Just a few people had noticed something. The underground had attacked the railway crossovers in the city. The German gave orders to the perpetrators to check in before twelve 'o clock. If they did not, the German's would kill just some people. But it was not necessary anymore, because the English bombers attacked Arnhem as an introduction for the airbornelanding.  The German noticed that there was something important going on. They took there measures. Fieldcommander from Arnhem Kussin went on an exploration to Oosterbeek, but he feld in a English trap and died.
view to arnhem south (zuid) Malburgen In 1606 they used a pontoon to reach the other side of the Rijn
  The English thought they would only have to deal with some old tired boys and man. But they made a mistake. In Arnhem where strong SS-armoured division stationed. They had heavy tanks, heavy artillery. The English para's only had light material.

From the place where the troops landed they walked as soon as possible to the Rijnbrug (bridge) in Arnhem. The closer they got to Arnhem the heavier the resistance from the Germans was. Just one battalion under command from Lieutenant-colonel John Frost was able to reach the bridge. They could not do that alone but there was no reinforcement.  John Frost was able to maintain for four days. But no help came. He had to surrender. A great number of his man died.  The Bridge in Arnhem was One Bridge Too Far!!

What reminded me was that the movie A bridge too far was shoot at the bridge in Deventer.

This bridge looked a bit similar to the John Frost bridge, but in deventer they were able to build houses near the bridge. In arnhem there were before the war houses near the bridge. But today it was not possible to "rebuild" houses overthere. In deventer they could. I saw those houses, just front,s and nothing behind it! In the Raamstraat in Deventer there are small alley's, you can see them in the movie. It was very impressive to see this. As if it was war!

A lot of people are curious about the name of the second bridge. The nelson Mandela bridge. There is not much information to tell you about the name. The bridge used to name Roermondsplein bridge. In the 1994 they simply changed the name.

There is a possiblity that there will be build a new bridge, because the Schuytgraaf is expanding very much. There are always trafficjams.

This is the place where the German and the British troups fought very hard.
A proposal for a new name is Stanislaw Sosabowski commander of the first Polish independant para troops.

And a quit new bridge, connecting Presikhaaf to Arnhem south. This bridge is called the Andrej Sacharov bridge. A russian Nobel price winner.

If you are interested in more history and you want to know more about market garden, than this is the link to it!                         http://www.market-garden.com/2010/UK/page1.html

I just found a wonderful website of arnhem with all kinds of video's to get a real good impression of the things you would like to visit. www.

arnhemfan.nl

If you are interested in history and the second world war The Airborne Museum Hartenstein is a nice option.

It is located Utrechtseweg 232, 6862 AZ Oosterbeek. telephone number: 026-3337710  www.airbornemuseum.nl Openingshours: april until oktober monday until saturday 10.00-17.00 hour. november until march 11.00-17.00 hour. On sundays and special days from 12.00-17.00 hour. Exept the first of january and 25 december. Price is 5,50 Euro.    The museum is in a renovation at the moment, but the reopening wil be 28 august 2009.

For those who are really interested in air pictures of Arnhem during the war: The RAF took those pictures and they are putting them online in a few days.   www.aerial.rcahms.gov.uk .


gejah says:
This is indeed a famous and important bridge.
Posted on: Nov 11, 2010
jennjeff1 says:
Hope to visit this bridge someday. Also, I need to put this on the "Bridges of the World" TB Group news!

~Jeff
Posted on: Nov 10, 2010
gejah says:
To honour them, i quess!
Posted on: Aug 31, 2009
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John Frost!!
John Frost!!
the John Frost Bridge build in 193…
the John Frost Bridge build in 19…
Blazon from Arnhem
Blazon from Arnhem
source archieve from arnhem
source archieve from arnhem
view to arnhem south (zuid) Malbur…
view to arnhem south (zuid) Malbu…
This is the place where the German…
This is the place where the Germa…
Renovated museum Hartenstein
Renovated museum Hartenstein
The drugsboat of arnhem. This is t…
The drugsboat of arnhem. This is …
This was the first bridge in arnhe…
This was the first bridge in arnh…
A bridge too far
A bridge too far
A special route to walk.
A special route to walk.
Monument of the war,close to the R…
Monument of the war,close to the …
The Sabelspoort. This was the main…
The Sabelspoort. This was the mai…
This was build in 1440.Arnhem was …
This was build in 1440.Arnhem was…
They build these gate because arnh…
They build these gate because arn…
see through the Sabelspoort. At th…
see through the Sabelspoort. At t…
this arche is from the 12th untill…
this arche is from the 12th until…
These pilars are remains of the go…
These pilars are remains of the g…
Proeflokaal. A very nice building.…
Proeflokaal. A very nice building…
Also completely rebuild after bein…
Also completely rebuild after bei…
The Eusebius church. This is the m…
The Eusebius church. This is the …
destroyed Eusebiuschurch
destroyed Eusebiuschurch
view from the eusebius church (pic…
view from the eusebius church (pi…
In this building the new designers…
In this building the new designer…
An synagoge in Arnhem this is what…
An synagoge in Arnhem this is wha…
A gate to an old inner court.
A gate to an old inner court.
Arch and house from the middleages…
Arch and house from the middleage…
The inner court. The old signs are…
The inner court. The old signs ar…
Near the Bijenkorf
Near the Bijenkorf
Jones (expensive shop)
Jones (expensive shop)
Grandfather Methorst (mr.Lankwaard…
Grandfather Methorst (mr.Lankwaar…
Vissteeeg
Vissteeeg
The old city, behind the Bijenkorf
The old city, behind the Bijenkorf
Duivelshuis
Duivelshuis
Het Duivelshuis Or Maarten van R…
"Het Duivelshuis" Or Maarten van …
Duivelshuis or devils house
Duivelshuis or devil's house
duivelshuis
duivelshuis
The Devil
The Devil
An old Bank building. Now Dudok is…
An old Bank building. Now Dudok i…
This is one of the oldest houses i…
This is one of the oldest houses …
On top of this house you can see a…
On top of this house you can see …
house from the 15th century
house from the 15th century
The main shopping street. Ketelstr…
The main shopping street. Ketelst…
Jansplein  Nice cafes in the summ…
Jansplein Nice cafe's in the sum…
A statue from Karel van Gelre. Kar…
A statue from Karel van Gelre. Ka…
Paulstraat. The beginning of the f…
Paulstraat. The beginning of the …
In the Paulstraat you find a nice …
In the Paulstraat you find a nice…
The Korenmarkt. This is where the …
The Korenmarkt. This is where the…
Also the Korenmarkt. In 1233 When …
Also the Korenmarkt. In 1233 When…
The Korenbeurs. it was build in 18…
The Korenbeurs. it was build in 1…
shopping area in Arnhem
shopping area in Arnhem
Emperium
Emperium
Cafe touche. Nice cafe.
Cafe touche. Nice cafe.
Mansion from the second half of th…
Mansion from the second half of t…
Jansstraat. In the back the church
Jansstraat. In the back the church
in 1889 build on the place where t…
in 1889 build on the place where …
also the Jansstraat  Koepelkerk
also the Jansstraat Koepelkerk
The postoffice. Postkantoor. This …
The postoffice. Postkantoor. This…
Postkantoor
Postkantoor
Jansplein
Jansplein
An alley behind the korenmarkt
An alley behind the korenmarkt
One of the oldest houses in Arnhem…
One of the oldest houses in Arnhe…
When you visit Arnhem, you should …
When you visit Arnhem, you should…
An book antiquair in an building a…
An book antiquair in an building …
look at the tiled wall.
look at the tiled wall.
also an art nouveau ornament.
also an art nouveau ornament.
This is an very old Jewelers shop…
This is an very old Jeweler's sho…
Mansion build in 1756/58. The sail…
Mansion build in 1756/58. The sai…
The mansion
The mansion
The Tin cinnema. In holland it is …
The Tin cinnema. In holland it is…
An old building in the Rijnstraat
An old building in the Rijnstraat
A building in Art nouveau style in…
A building in Art nouveau style i…
Edge Korte straat
Edge Korte straat
The Market,In 1945 there where mor…
The Market,In 1945 there where mo…
The Bakkerstraat. In this street t…
The Bakkerstraat. In this street …
The Lauwersgracht. A park near the…
The Lauwersgracht. A park near th…
Lauwersgracht
Lauwersgracht
de meeste mensen zwijgen, een enke…
de meeste mensen zwijgen, een enk…
The Eusebiusbuitensingel. These ar…
The Eusebiusbuitensingel. These a…
The theatre
The theatre
destroyed theatre. Source archive …
destroyed theatre. Source archive…
Parkstraat 114 This is my old hous…
Parkstraat 114 This is my old hou…
The Parkstraat. In the end you see…
The Parkstraat. In the end you se…
at the end of the Parkstraat you w…
at the end of the Parkstraat you …
The Walburgis church
The Walburgis church
A vieuw past the walburgis church …
A vieuw past the walburgis church…
this building is new. They call it…
this building is new. They call i…
enterance of the musiskwartier. He…
enterance of the musiskwartier. H…
An old building near the musiskwar…
An old building near the musiskwa…
In the back is the Martinus church…
In the back is the Martinus churc…
Musis sacrum. It is build in 1847 …
Musis sacrum. It is build in 1847…
Martinus Church on the left in the…
Martinus Church on the left in th…
architect H.G. Fromberg 1812-1882 …
architect H.G. Fromberg 1812-1882…
Airborneplein. In Arnhem better kn…
Airborneplein. In Arnhem better k…
Also an old building. Het Stedelij…
Also an old building. Het Stedeli…
It is closed in 2006
It is closed in 2006
This was a dependance of the stede…
This was a dependance of the sted…
this are the famous stairs in the …
this are the famous stairs in the…
Schoolstraat. Located in Het spijk…
Schoolstraat. Located in Het spij…
Edge of the Parkstraat and Prins H…
Edge of the Parkstraat and Prins …
To the airborne square
To the airborne square
Memorial to the battle of 1944
Memorial to the battle of 1944
this is one of the arcades from t…
this is one of the arcade's from …
No words needed
No words needed
Pegasus this monument is revealed …
Pegasus this monument is revealed…
Here was the Limburg van Stirumsch…
Here was the Limburg van Stirumsc…
The Mussenwijk in Klarendal. Prote…
The Mussenwijk in Klarendal. Prot…
One of the funders of the SDAP.
One of the funders of the SDAP.
The street Klaas Kater. Also these…
The street Klaas Kater. Also thes…
The only mill we have in the city.…
The only mill we have in the city…
map arnhem. Up to date one.
map arnhem. Up to date one.
Parc Sonsbeek
Parc Sonsbeek
Parc Sonsbeek
Parc Sonsbeek
the destroyed Walburgischurch (pic…
the destroyed Walburgischurch (pi…
The church in Elst, betuwe.
The church in Elst, betuwe.
church elst
church elst
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photo by: IndoMaluku