Charleston Travel Blog› entry 1 of 2 › view all entries
September 20th, 2008 – by: furiousfowl
I had the chance to visit fort sumter, where the first shots of the civil war began back in April 12, 1861. as I love visiting civil war history, like Gettysburg and others, I think its important that we never forget our countries history that we never repeat it.
Fort Sumter (often misspelled as Fort Sumpter) is located in Charleston Harbor, in South Carolina. The fort occupies a strategic point, allowing for control over access to the harbor from the Atlantic Ocean Today, it is strictly a historical site and part of the National Park Service
The South seceded from the Union on DEC. 21, 1960. The Fort was seized by forces of the Union Army (led by Major Robert Anderson) on DEC.26. Hostilities erupted when the south decided to stop reinforcement ships from arriving. Jefferson Davis ordered that the fort be taken, and when Union forces refused to surrender, General P. T. Beauregard began bombarding the fort just after 4 AM on the morning of April 12th, 1861. Beauregard watched the bombardment from the porch of a mansion along E. Battery Street, overlooking Charleston Harbor. However, the fort was well defended and fortified, so there were no casualties during the actual bombardment. The Northern troops capitulated after 34 hours of exploding cannonballs, and the first deaths of the Civil War actually occurred during the ceremonial 100 gun salute as the flag was lowered, when a cannon fired prematurely, killing two Union soldiers. The South would retain control of the fort until Feb. of 1865, when it would finally fall back into Union hands after 2 years of nearly continuous pounding by nearly 50,000 shells.
This fort used to be 3 stories tall and now its just 1 story due to the massive shelling by each side. I was pretty impressed by the fort and amazed at how it was built and fortified with so many different size cannons
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