Heading home..... and my birthday!
Egilsstadir Travel Blog› entry 22 of 27 › view all entries
we headed south ... to Laki and the volcanic craters.
This is off the tourist track but really worthwhile seeing.
Laki, or Lakagígar as it is also known (Craters of Laki), is a series of volcanic fissures situated not far from Skatafell.
Laki is part of a volcanic system, centering on the Grimsvotn volcano - In AD 934, the Laki system produced a very large eruption. the Eldgjá eruption, which released 19.6 cubic kilometres (4.7 cu mi) of lava. You cannot believe how much lava you can see ... it literally goes to the horizons both sides!
After a nice day in the sunshine we head back to the camp ... today is my birthday too ...
we visit the glacier lagoon and take acoffee and I am surprised by a birthday cake by Ling .... I enjoy it .
In 1783-1784, the system erupted again, from the Laki fissure and the adjoining Grímsvötn volcano, pouring out an estimated 14 km3 (3.4 cu mi) of lava and clouds of poisonous flourine gas that killed over 50% of Iceland's livestock population, leading to famine which killed approximately 25% of the population.
The june 8 v1783 eruption was massive. A huge fissure with 130 craters opened with explosions because of the groundwater interacting with the rising magma
The eruption, also known as the Skaftá river fires or Síðueldur, produced an estimated 14 km3 (3.4 cu mi) of lava, and the total volume emitted was 0.
In Great Britain the summer of 1783 was known as the "sand-summer" due to ash fallout.
The eruption continued until feb 1784, but most of the lava was erupted in the first five months. Grímsvötn volcano, from which the Laki fissure extends, was also erupting at the time from 1783 until 1785. The outpouring of gases, including an estimated 8 million tons of fluorine and estimated 120 million tons of sulfur dioxide gave rise to what has since become known as the "Laki haze" across Europe.The area today is luckily quite .. but its still close the Vatnajokull ... who knows what the future will bring