Kharkiv - Svoboda (Freedom) Square (Part 3)
Kharkiv Travel Blog› entry 25 of 33 › view all entries
The authors, one of whom was the creator of Derzhprom, planned the building in a rather similar style - step-like constructions, ascending to the center, led to a 14-storeyed tower, built in the form of a huge plate with its narrow part facing the square and separated from its flanks with transparent passages.
In 1930, to the north-west of Derzhprom, the construction of the main building of the House of Cooperation was started (today’s Military University). In the course of the construction that had lasted until 1954, the purpose of the building had changed several times, and consequently there were changes in the project, whose author was Academician A.
Planned as a center for agriculture management of Ukraine, the building had to be different form the others: the walls of 9-storeyed buildings were made of brick, the central tower part had a metal body. The pace of construction was much slower, especially after the capital moved to Kyiv. The unfinished building was handed over to the Military Economical Academy, and the construction and restoration after the war with the participation of architects P. Shpara, V. Dyuzhykh, N. Linetskaya, N. Yevtushenko had lasted until 1954.
In the rectangular part of the square (the north side) there is «Kharkiv» Hotel (the former International Hotel), built in 1932-1936 (architect G. Yanovitskiy). It is the last prewar building stylistically similar to the general architectural ensemble of the square.
In 1976 a new
Next to Kharkiv Hotel there is a building that accommodates different organizations (architects G. Vegman, E. Belman, D. Morozov; 1954). It conforms well to the space of the square and the dimensions of other buildings. The facade of the building is in
The variety of architectural styles of the buildings that surround the square create a unique integral ensemble, the face of Kharkiv. It is worth noting that Svoboda Square is one of the favourite places of Kharkiv’s inhabitants and guests. Different festivities, fairs and concerts take place here.
The main thoroughfare connecting Svobody Square with Oleksiyivka residential area is Lenin Avenue which for the majority of Kharkivites is associated with science because of the numerous educational, research and design organizations located here. It is quite natural that one of the underground stations of the third metro line is called «Nauchna» (Scientific).