Brief history and profile
Harbin Travel Blog› entry 2 of 2 › view all entries
April 4th, 2007 – by: lacarte
Harbin doesn't have a long past as other Chinese cities.
The area was vast grassland for thousands of years.
Archaeologists found remains of human settlements back to about 2200 years ago, however, till late 19th century, it was no more than a fishing village.
In 1898, Russians came to the land to build trans-siberian rail way, and made the region as an intersection point.
They built station, churches, houses, shops, banks....and so a Russian city appeared on Chinese land, its Harbin.
Even now, you can trace the past by name of streets and districts, many of them are concered with rail way.
After the defeat of Russia in Russo-Japanese War, British, French, Japanese and many other nationals started their business in the city, and the neo-gothic buildings, stone paved road made the city to be modern in those days.
Then Russian revolution, or civil war created many refugees in the country, they headed for Harbin in late 1910s.
Many of these people were jews, so the religion became a part of Harbin.
Once Harbin had many orthodox churches, includes Nikolaiefski, the largest orthodox cathedral in Asia, but are gone by fire or destroyed in the Cultural Revolution.
After Japanese rule till the end of WWII, the city became a part of PRC.
The government made Harbin a center of heavy industry.
From weapon to machinery, a large part of Chinese demand was meet by the city.
Though, after the reform and opening-up of China, the north-east area includes Harbin lost its advantage in manufacturing.
About 4,600,000 people living in the city.
Religion:Catholic, Protestant, Orthodox, Islaam, Judaism, Buddhism
Language:Mandarin, many old people can speak Russian and Japanese
Climate:somehow hot in summer(30C at noon) and very cold in winter(-25C at night)
Harbin is famous for its events in winter.
Ice festival is the biggest one.
It's a series of events, includes an ice sculpture festa which is breath taking.
I'm sorry that I cannot show you any picture, because I'm not visiting the city at the time for more than 10 years.
Ice and snow sports are very common in the city, actualy its the main source of Chinese national team.
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