Life in paradise
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At the end of the great river Danube's journey through Europe to the Black Sea there spreads out a natural paradise unparalleled in Europe, where canals, lakes, reed islands, pastures and sand dunes cover over 5,165 sq km (2,000 miles).
Many cruise and day trip possibilities open up the wonders of the Delta.
This amazing wetland shelters over 300 species of birds, countless fish from royal sturgeon down to carp and perch, while its 1,150 kinds of plants range from sinuous lianas suggesting tropical forests to gently blossoming water lilies. It is small wonder that UNESCO has designated the Delta a "Reservation of the Biosphere".
Only 15,000 people make their living from fishing, livestock breeding, and reed harvesting in this vast area. Their villages, lapped by the waterways, seem untouched by time.
Fresh and sea-water fish abound in the Delta.
Exploring the Reservation of the Biosphere: The starting point for a Delta adventure is usually the ancient city of Tulcea, with modern tourist hotels and special small cruise ships, plus a worthwhile museum devoted to the natural history of the Delta.
It is 72 km (45 miles) by boat from the almost equally old settlement of Sulina at the other end of the Sulina channel and cruises between the two give passengers a panoramic view of wildlife. You will see pelicans and cormorants, eagles and vultures.
Local fishermen make their own version of Russian borsch over an open fire.
Romania is fortunate to be one of the few European countries generously blessed by nature. Here the different forms of relief harmonize to perfection, making up a whole of great beauty. The Danube springs in Germany, washes several countries of the old continent and ends its journey on the Romanian territory where, before flowing into the Black Sea, it forms a picturesque delta covering 70 km in surface area. Along the three branches - Chilia, Sulina and Sfintul Gheorghe - the Danube displays a geographical realm that has always fascinated with its strange beauty and the mysteries of primitive life.
Modern tourists who want to avoid noise and crowded metropolises, try to ferret out refreshing corners of the world where their holidays can be enjoyed in the middle of nature. The delta of the Danube is one of the few places that meet the requirements of these travellers who want to profit from moments of peace and quiet during their vacation. Unique landscape can be admired: long picturesque stretches shaded by luxuriant plants; water lilies and endless areas of reed; willow, poplar and alder groves; flocks of swans, pelicans and wild ducks and geese; creepers and venerable oaks that make these places look like a real jungle.
In this world where water is almost the sole ruler, the only means of transportation is by boat and the main occupation is of course fishing. What other experience could be more stimulating than sailing in a boat and then having a fisherman's dinner which should without a doubt include the well-known fisherman's broth, a recipe that would do credit to any chef.
The Delta of the Danube, an inexhaustible source of natural riches, stirs up our interest given the impressive variety of its flora and fauna. Over 300,000 species of birds live there among which can be found pelicans, egrets, spoon bills, pygmy cormorants, red neck geese; some of which are protected by law. The delta is also famous for the variety of its ichtiology: sheat-fish, pike, carp, herring, sturgeon, sevruga.
The Delta of the Danube is a perfect holiday choice especially when one takes into consideration Romanian hospitality.
If you haven't decided yet what to do during your spring holidays, stop there for a moment and marvel at the colour of the flowers, of the insects or of the birds that live in that fascinating universe.
The Danube Delta, witness of the eventful, century-old history of Romanian people, huge, amazing spread of water, reed and sun, of a unique wealth, biological value, exuberance and variety, is a major target of tourist interest in nowadays Romanian. It lays at Danube mouths to the Black Sea, in the south-east part of Romania, and spreads over 5,165 km square (i.
5,000 years ago still a gulf of the Black Sea, this land was born from the alluvia brought by the great river together with the increased work of the sea, of plants and animals, as well as of winds and waves.
At the end of a trip of near 2,860 km (1,777 miles) before meeting the sea, the Danube spreads its waters creating a paradise of water, plants and animals, with landscapes of unbelievable beauty.
In the long run, the deposition of million tons of alluvia linked the three branches of the Danube: Chilia, Sulina and Sf. Gheorghe with a fascinating net of ails, holms, channels, brooks and ponds. Wherever you look, you can see floating islets covered by rush and reed, lianas like in tropical woods, lakes with middy depths but with surfaces like carpets of water lilies hiding a puzzling under-water world.
The Danube Delta was included in the UNESCO Project as a Reservation of the Biosphere because its peculiar features and the originality and variety of the ecosystems (more than 25 types of natural ecosystems). There are settled 16 areas strictly protected where no economical activities are allowed, then areas for ecological rehabilitation and buffer and economical areas, where tourist activities are permitted under the circumstances of protection and maintenance of the environment.
The water fauna includes 160 fish species: 75 species of fresh water fish, 70 species of clams, shells and snails, microscopic animals and deep-water species.
The greatest part of fish, major nourish source for hundred thousands of birds, live in the net of lakes and brooks like: Furtuna, Trei Iezere, Balcanestii Mari, Babina, Gorgova, Isac, Uzlina, Lumina, Puiu, Rosu etc.
The most important fishery are those from Mila35, Crisan, Gorgova, Mila 23-sat, Matita, Sulina, Mahmudia, Uzlina and Dunavat.
Not only fish are out-common but also gastronomy. There are many different easy of cooking fish and the taste and flavour of the fishermen borsch, a soup boiled on a mild fire, in a huge cast-iron kettle, with a special composition, known only by the fishermen, is unforgettable. Plates like pickled fish, fillets, rolls, mince-meat balls, croquettes of zander, Danube herring, shoat fish, carp, pike or sturgeon are also very tasteful.
In the Danube Delta the angling of fresh water and fish is allowed the whole year, beside the spawn period of 60 days beginning in April. The fishing areas are yearly established by the Hunter and Anglers' Union and the Administration of the Biosphere Reservation " Delta Dunarii ".
The rulers of hunting in the Danube Delta are established by the Hunter and Anglers' Union and the Administration of the Biosphere Reservation " Delta Dunarii ".
Cruises in the Danube Delta, Strollings on channels and brooks, angling. The tourists may rent different kinds of ship from Offices in Tulcea or Oar-boats (with or without oarsman) from "Lebada" Hotel at Crisan, the Crisan-sat camping, the touristic centre from Murigiol or from the inhabitants.
Wine-tastes in the Niculitel vineyard, well-known for its white wines Aigote, Muscat Otonel, Sarica-Niculitel etc. and red ones like Merlot.
THE INTERNATIONAL FOLK FESTIVAL of the Danubian Countries in August in Tulcea (specific customs, dance and folk songs).
The winter carnival in December in Tulcea (specific customs).
TRIPS to the monasteries Celic-Dere (29 km far from Tulcea built in 1838), Cocos (38 km, built in the first half of the 19th c.) and the pale-Christian necropolis of Niculitel (31 km, 4th c. AD.).