Melaka - Historical City
Malacca Travel Blog› entry 14 of 19 › view all entries
History of Melaka
Melaka, where it all began..
Melaka (Malacca) was founded by a prince from
Parameswara (also known as Sultan Iskandar Syah) was the first Malay prince to become a Muslim and subsequently, Islam became the religion of Malays in the Peninsular (now
Melaka's fame and wealth not long after caught the attention of the expansionist Europeans with the Portuguese becoming the first to arrive and eventually going on to conquer the land in 1511, led by Alfonso d'Albuquerque.
The Portuguese stayed on for 130 years and then after the Dutch captured Melaka from the Portuguese in 1641.
From 1826 to 1946 Malacca was governed by the British. It formed part of the Straits Settlements together with
The Legend of Hang Tuah
Hang Tuah is a legendary Malay hero, greatest of all the laksamana (admirals), lived in the Sultanate of Malacca, Sultan Mansur Shah reign in the 15th century. Together with his four childhood friends – Hang Jebat, Hang Kasturi, Hang Lekir and Hang Lekiu, they became members of the Sultan's royal guard.
Hang Tuah’s kris is named after Taming Sari, a Majapahit warrior, is the kris bestowed upon him after he dueled with Taming Sari and won over.
Sights and Attractions
The sights and attraction areas are within walking distance from Dataran Pahlawan (
· Replica of
The palace houses the
· A’ Famosa
Once a fortress built by the Portuguese, it has suffered severe destruction during the Dutch invasion. What is left today is just the entrance walls.
On top of
The British constructed a light house in front of the church.
St. Paul's Hill offer a great panorama of Melaka town and the Straits of Malacca
The Stadhuys, Red Clock Tower and
The Stadhuys was the official residence of the Dutch Governor, it now houses the
Nearby is the
· Maritime Museum
Constructed after ‘Flora de la Mar’, the Portuguese ship that sank off the Coast of Malacca on its way to
· Taming Sari Revolving
· Melaka river cruise
· Jalan Hang Jebat /
Street of baba-nyonya heritage.
Peranakan / Baba-Nyonya are community of decedent from Chinese and Malay marriage when Chinese Empire presented Princess Hang Li Poh to Sultan Mansur Shah (reigned 1456 – 1477) to enhance relations between the two empire. After Li Poh's marriage, some 500 handmaidens accompanying the princess were also married off to Malay court officials.
The buildings are immaculately constructed with elaborate carvings on its pillars and walls.
The street is famous for its antique shops. There are also boutique hotels, restaurants and cafes and shops with intricate decor.
On Saturday night, the street is turned into a vibrant night market.