Lowell, the cradle of the American Industrial Revolution
Lowell Travel Blog› entry 642 of 1090 › view all entries
I have planned a long weekend to the north. Main(e)ly to Maine. But in order to get there one has to cross states like e.g. Massachusetts. I had planned my journey to the most north-eastern state in two steps allowing me to make a short stop in the city of Lowell in Massachusetts.
Lowell is the fourth largest city of Massachusetts and is know to be the cradle of the American Industrial Revolution. To honor its important past the National Parks Service is maintaining the Lowell National Historic Park, another tribute to America's industrial history, just like e.g. the Edison Laboratories in New Jersey.
Lowell was founded in 1821 by Boston Merchants and named after Francis Cabot Lowell, a businessman who, inspired by the British textile industry, had set up a small water-powered textile processing mill near Boston.
The textile industry was a huge success and offered a lot of work to many people of which many immigrants. Until the 1910s / 1920s. By then the mills started closing due to the Great Depression. A short revival occurred during the World War II when Lowell was reactivated for the production of parachutes. But, by 1950 the last mill closed forever. Now the complex is still present and, as said, managed by the National Park Service.
Unfortunately I was a bit late, and the park had not opened completely yet. So, I just walked a bit around between the huge factory halls and looked at the huge locks that control the water level of the Pawtucket Canals.
More pictures below!