Nafplion Travel Blog› entry 5 of 8 › view all entries
March 9th, 2006 – by: lorenzmartins
Epidaurus. Reputed to be the birthplace of Apollo's son Asklepios, the healer, Epidaurus was known for his sanctuary situated about 8 km from the town, as well as its theater, which is once again in use today. The cult of Asklepios at Epidaurus is attested in the 6th century BC, when the older hill-top sanctuary of Apollo Maleatas was no longer spacious enough.
The Asclepieion at Epidaurus was the most celebrated healing center of the Classical world, the place where ill people went in the hope of being cured. To find out the right cure for their ailments, they spent a night in the enkoimitiria, a big sleeping hall. In their dreams, the god himself would advise them what they had to do to regain their health. Found in the sanctuary, there was a guest house for 160 guestrooms. There are also mineral springs in the vicinity which may have been used in healing.The prosperity brought by the Asklepieion enabled Epidauros to construct civic monuments: the huge theater that delighted Pausanias for its symmetry and beauty, which is used once again for dramatic performances, the ceremonial Hestiatoreion ( banqueting hall), baths and a palestra.The theater is marveled for its exceptional acoustics, which permit almost perfect intelligibility of unamplified spoken word from the proscenium or skene to all 15,000 spectators, regardless of their seating.
Mycenea. In the second millennium BC Mycenae was one of the major centres of Greek civilization, a military stronghold which dominated much of southern Greece. The period of Greek history from about 1600 BC to about 1100 BC is called Mycenaean in reference to Mycenae. Mycenaean culture is the source of ancient epics and legends such as the dynasty of Atreids, the labours of Hercules, the Trojan war, the Thyestian Feast, and Agamemnon's tragic life and death
Mycenae is on a hill, with taller hills on all sides.
The Lions Gate is the main entrance into the city. The lions, with their fore paws on an alter of some sort was suppose to represent the mycenaean's power. Anyone coming to the Acropolis would have to enter through these gates. Also notice the walls on the right hand side had the people walking by them. I'm amazed at how these things could have been moved.
Once in Mycenae, you must visit the "Treasury of Atreus", which is a short walking distance opposite the palace, across from the main road. It is easily accessible from the road and many people opt to walk from one place to the other. The Treasury of Atreus is a large "Tholos" Tomb, also known as the "Tomb of Agamemnon" which, was built around 1250 BC, and it is an impressive monument worth visiting.You can enter by showing the ticket you bought at Mycenae. I entered the tomb and I was awe struck at the beauty of the arched walls, and the scale of the structure.
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