Santiago de Cuba, Cuba
Santiago de Cuba Travel Blog› entry 12 of 14 › view all entries
Historically Santiago de Cuba has long been the second most important city on the island after Havana, and still remains the second largest. It is on a bay connected to the Carribean Sea and is an important sea port. The city has a population of about 500,000 people. It is a great, important city with a sparkling night life. A city nobody should miss visiting Cuba.
Santiago de Cuba was founded by the Spanish in 1514, and one year later it became Cuba's capital. This was the starting point of the Spanish expeditions to west-Cuba, but also Mexico and Florida (U.S.A). The first cathedral was built in the city in 1528. In 1607 Havana became capital, but Santiago never lost it's important position. In 1953 the Cuban Revolution began with an armed attack on the Moncada Barracks by small contingent of rebels led by Fidel Castro. Alltough it initially failed, later it became instrumental in the success of the Cuban Revolution. On 1 January 1959 Fidel Castro proclaimed the victory of the Cuban Revolution from a balcony on Santiago de Cuba's city hall.
This city contains monuments like The Mausoleum of José Martí, The Antonio Maceo monument, The Castillo del Morro, The Moncada Barracks, The Cathedral Santiago de Cuba, The Plaza and the Rum museum. Also the night life is really impressive with bars and dancing all over this town. It is something you must experience!