Bayamo Travel Blog› entry 10 of 14 › view all entries
After Camaguey we moved to Bayamo. Bayamo is the capital city of the Granma Province, and one of the largest cities in the Oriente region with avout 200,000 inhabitants. The community of Bayamo lies on a plain by the Bayamo River. It is affected by the hard Bayamo wind. Bayamo is a very old Cuban city, established even before Havana or Santiago in 1513, in a ancient time when Baracoa was the capital of Cuba. Later it become one of the most important agricultural and commercial settlements of the island. Its inland situation gave it relative security against the pirates, and the misfortunes of Santiago were the fortunes of Bayamo. Down the river, then open to the sea for vessels of 200 tons, Bayamo could drive trade that made an opening of becoming one of the leading towns of Cuba.
Still you can see to Colonial past. Also very important is that revolutionary Carlos Manuel de Céspedes was born here. He led a revolt against Spain which was important for the independance of Cuba. A statue of him stands in this town. Also the first president of Cuba Tomás Estrada Palma was born here.