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Luxor en Thebe

Luxor Travel Blog

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Temple of Hatsepoet

There are 2 places most tourists will see in Egypt: the piramids of Gizeh and Luxor. On the evening of 17 june our boat reached Luxor. The next day very early (6.00 PM) we were heading on Luxor to see several things. Luxor is build on the ruïnes of the ancient town Thebes. Actually now officially left of the Nile is Thebes, right form the Nile is the (new) place Luxor with Karnak and Luxor temple. First we did go to Thebes to visit 3 things: Valley of the Kings, the Temple of Hatsjepoet and Memnon. When the new Egyptian empire rised about 1500BC Thebes became the capital. King Toetmozes new that the graves in the piramides constantly have been robbed, and tried to prevent that by crating the Valley of the Kings.

Temple of Hatsepoet
This Valley was situated in a dry part no man's land, safely hidden in the hills of Thebes. It did not work at all. All the graves and chambers would be robbed in the centuries after 1500BC. Only the grave of Toetanchamon was almost completely intact because this grave was quickly under sand and not tracable for thieves. Still many people visit the Valley of the Kings; the graves are still intact, the decoraded halls are still visible with great paintings to help the pharao's in the afterlife. You may not photograph in the tombes, completely understandable! So a great place to see and visit, but not to photograph.

After visiting the Valley of the Kings we went to the temple of Hasjepoet in Deir al-Bahri. Queen Hatsjepoet (1508BC-1458BC) was a female pharao in the 18th Dynasty, daughter of pharao Toetmozes I who married her halfbrother Toetmozes II and became ruler after her husband died.

Temple of Hatsepoet
In only 15 years this complex was build. Unfortunately in the years after the complex was damaged by her son and successor Toetmozes III who removed her name, Achnaton who destroyed the statues of the god Amon and Ramses II who destroyed the statues of the god Osiris. Also the Koptic christians, who used this temple as their monestary, removed all the faces of the ancient gods. Still, after much digging many throphy's and decorations could be found. In 1891 the Egyptians rebuilded this complex with great result! The complex is a great thing to visit. Also the area where this temple is situated on the food of a lime stone wall is breath taking.

Riding back to Luxor we visited the colossus of Memnon. Originally these huge statues were garding Amenhotep's temple.

Temple of Hatsepoet
This temple was probably the biggest ever build in Egypt, but after robbing it by other pharao's nothing remained. After time only these 2 giants remained, and became famous because it is said that the northeast colos song by sunrise. Even Roman emperor Hadrianus visited Memnon to hear it sing. After an earthquake colossus were greatly damaged. Emperor Septimius Severus restored them in 199, but after preparation the sound disappeared.

In the afternoon we visited the temple of Karnak. After the piramids of Gizeh this is the most important monument of Egypt. Karnak is a complex of 40 hectares which is build in a period of 1300 years (from 1600BC till 300BC).  It contains many temples as the temple Chonsoe and Oepet, the temple of Moet and the temple of Montoe.

Memnon
Also the row of sphinxes and the obelisks are very impressive. This complex is so big that 1 visit is not enough. Also a visit at night is by a light and sound show a spectacle. We stayed a for a few hours here.

After that we decided to visit a cool spot in the museum in Luxor. This museum is surprisingly professional, with great statues put with great taste in this museum. Highlight for me were the royal mummie's of the 2 pharaohs Ahmose I and Ramses I.

One day is absolutely not enough to visit Luxor. We did not visit Luxor temple. Also a bicycle tour through the city we could not take. If you go to Luxor: plan to see at least 2 or 3 days to visit everything.

 

 

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Temple of Hatsepoet
Temple of Hatsepoet
Temple of Hatsepoet
Temple of Hatsepoet
Temple of Hatsepoet
Temple of Hatsepoet
Temple of Hatsepoet
Temple of Hatsepoet
Memnon
Memnon
Karnak temple
Karnak temple
Karnak temple
Karnak temple
Karnak temple
Karnak temple
Karnak temple
Karnak temple
Karnak temple
Karnak temple
Luxor
photo by: LadyMaja