Aleppo City - Tourism Information
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Aleppo City - Tourism Information
Situated northern part of Syrian Arab Republic far from Damascus 350km . At an altitude of 380m above sea level. Since the construction of the Thawra Dam the Euphrates River irrigates the surrounding plains, and for its traditional industries and modern factories. The city witnesses tow important events each year: the Agricultural and Industrial Products Fire in august and the Cotton Festival in September. Connected with others city by asphalted roads and railways and can be easy reached by public transport and international Airport. The City divided into 9 administrative regions: Aleppo, Samman, Al-Bab, Al-Safira, Ain Al-Arab, Jerablos, I'zaz, Afrin, Manbej.
History: Aleppo claim to be one of the oldest inhabited areas in supported by archaeological site of tell AL-Maebet, an agricultural settlement that dates from 9000 BC. the kingdom of Aleppo flourished in the 3000 BC. at the same time as Ebla, and the city state of Akkadia. the many tells and dead cities of the region bear witness to the passage of successive civilizations: Amorites, Hittites, Sumerian, Canaanit, Arameans, Macedonians Seleucids, Romans, byzantines. In the year 637 A.D. the area becomes Part of islamic Empire. The many city walls, towers, castles, schools. And mosques date from that period.
Population: about 3.300.000
Agriculture: Aleppo plays an important role in the production of Cotton, Wheat and Olives. It’s specially known for its delicious pistachio nuts.
The important places to see:
*Inside the city:
The Castle of Aleppo & the Museum: the biggest oldest and perhaps the most impressive historical monument in Aleppo. Is situated at the center of the city on a hill about 40m high. Its ruins relate many successive civilizations which Aleppo witnessed since thousands of years. in the beginning it was a place of worship. Saluqos Nikato was the first to use it as a defince center in 312 B.C. Muslims entered the citadel peacefully and was reconstructed many times. The present shape dates back to the 13th century A.D. with additional restoration during AL-Mamluk period. Its style combines austerity with beauty. Handsome towers are built into the walls, its imposing entrance is protected by metal doors, and its fortifications are strengthened by deep moat. Inside the citadel is a small museum containing objects found during its restoration.
The Great Omayyad Mosque: the arabic name (jami AL-Kabir) is the biggest and one of the finest of the city which contains about one thousand mosques representing 14 centuries. Built in the time of the Omayyad Caliph Suleiman Ibn Abdul Malek, its notable features are the beautiful square minaret, it;s prayer niche (mihrab) and the pulpit made of ebony inlaid with ivory.
Hammam’s (Baths): Aleppo has about 60 bathes some of which were built more than 800 years ago. Hammam Yalburgha AL-Naseri, built in the 14th century. was restored by ministry of tourism and has been open to the Public since 1985.
The Old Souk: the (Cover Markets) they run through 10km of narrow covered streets. The souk became known by the products sold there. For example, the perfume souk, is called souk Al-Attareen and the jewellers souk called souk AL-Saagha. Most of them date from the 15th and 16th centuries and can be considered true popular museums.
The Inns or Caravanserai (KHAN): they are located near the souks because they were frequented by the merchants they have tastefully decorated facades, high arched entrances, and huge wooden doors reinforced with metal and copper. The most famous are Khan AL-Gomrek, Khan AL-Wazeer, Khan AL-Saboon, and Khan AL-Nahaseen.
*Outside the city:
Manbej: dating from Hittites of the 2000 B.C. was the religious capital of the Arameans who built a temple in alabaster to goddess of water, atracates. the remains of a statue of the goddess in a carriage drawn by lions was found in the ruins of the temple. it was a prosperous city named by Romans and the Greeks Herapolis, which means "the holy city" .
Basilica of St. Simeon: the Basilica of St. Simeon in 60km from Aleppo. the basilica was erected at the end of the 5th century in honour of St. Simeon Stylite. built in the shape of an octagon, at its centre stood the pillar on which St. Simeon lived and preached for 40 years. The basilica is an example of the beauty attained by Syrian architects of Byzantine Period. in the 10th Century fortifications were built around the structure, hence it received the name castle "Qala't Sama'an" .
Prophet Cyrrhus: situated 70km from Aleppo. the site of a Roman amphitheatre, an Arab castle, a church, and a Roman pyramids tomb. There are also two 3rd century Bridges, the only tow from that period still standing.
Ain Dara: situated 60km from Aleppo. Excavations have uncovered a large temple of the 1000 B.C.
Castle of Najm: Arab castle built on a high hill near the Euphrates. It dominates the roads between the Euphrates Basin and Aleppo. Its walls are built of brick in the style current at the time of Saladin.