Hama City - Tourism Information
Hama Travel Blog› entry 1 of 13 › view all entries
situated in the middle Syria southern Aleppo 141KM northern Damascus 209KM connected with others cities by international traffic-net or highways and railways.
Hama is one of the most ancient inhabited areas in Middle East it dates back to very ancient ages. the archaeological missions assure that the stone age man lived in the different parts of the Orontes basin in left tools, traces and houses dating back to the pre-historic ages.
it is the ancient Hamat which was inhabited since the 4000 B.C. when it was attacked by the amorites who destroyed it then made it center for them, afterwards Hama witnessed the Babylonian the Hittite the Persian the Greek the Hellenistic and the Seleucid . then it flourished in the last era and was called Epiphania, then it was occupied by Romanians and Byzantines and in the year 638 A.D. the Moslem Arabs opened it . it witnessed the various developments and events that took place during the different periods of their rule then it become the capital of the Ayyoubi's Emirate with the very famous ruler the scientist king Abil-Fida who wrote very well known books of geography and history.
Population: about 1.500.000
The important places to See:
*Inside the city:
The Noria’s (Water-Wheels): they ate watery wooden machines with rotative movements scattered on the banks or the Orontes carrying water from the river into a higher basin from where it leaks into channels supported on bridges to water the people and irrigate the plans of the city. there are seventeen Noria’s in the city and the diameter if the largest one in 22M and (Afamia AL-Cham)Hotel an international class is built near 4 of those noria’s.
The Castle of Hama: Situated in the center of the city in wonderful tourist site it is the heart and the first origin of the city. it contains ruins dating back to the 6000 B.C. but it is now a big heap of dust which the ministry of tourism planted trees and set up a big handsome park when the tourism and visitors can spend a wonderful time enjoying the most beautiful sceneries of Hama, the mosques and churches with water wheels at the river and the markets, the sunset!
The Museum: Built in 1740 A.D. the location south of An'Noruri Mosque in Al-Azem palace, it’s wonderful and an authentic style of Arab art of building and decoration.
- The Grand Mosque: located near the Castle, you can see inside the ruins of three different civilization and religions: Paganism, Christian and Islam. its most important parts are the northern the wooden ornamented pulpit, the tombs of two Ayyoubi Kings Al- Mansur and Al-Muzhaffar with their wooden coffins and the treasury dome.
- An'Nouri Mosque: it was built in 1163 A.D. and archaeological pulpit which is a piece of wonder beauty and creativity it has also a square minaret and important historical scripts
- Abil'Fida Mosque: it was built in 1326 A.D. and has tomb of its builder the king of Hama, the geographer and historian ( Isma'il Abil'-Fida' ) is has also wonderful mosaic works with marble braids.
The Church: coming soon...
Hammam’s : there is a number of baths (Hammam’s) some of which date from Ayyoubi Period and some from the ottoman Period.
The Old Souk and New Souk: coming soon...
*Outside the city:
Apamea (Afamia): situated north-west Hama 60KM the ruins of the Seleucidic City of the leader Sauucos Nekator and the center of his military leadership, A perfect Image of the mixture of the Greek civilization with the local Syrian civilization which was creative in every corner and place.
Qasr Ibn Wardan: situated north-east Hama 63KM it is one of the touristic and archaeological wonders was built in the years 561-564 A.D.
Citadel AL-Madiq: the fortress of Apamea and its line of defense its diameter is 250m it lays on a great conic hill dating back to the 4000 B.C. it is distinguished by the remains of its walls and towers.
Mosque AL-Madiq : it dates back to 1524 A.D.
Khan AL-Madiq : Apamea Museum situated in the bottom of the valley descending from the citadel, its contains the most wonderful pieces of mosaic discovered in Apamea and other places which made it one of the most important international museums in this regard.
Salamiyah: situated east Hama 30KM its the ancient salamess the sword of the desert, and is truly the capital of the commercial amalgam between the Urbanites and the Bedouins its most famous ruins and vestiges are: the shrine of AL-Imam Isma'il built with huge basaltic stones and the ayyoubi bath and the wall of salamiyeh citadel.
Ash'Shamamis Citadel: situated 4KM west Salamiyed and dates back to the ancient ages the 1st century A.D.
As'Qeilbiyaeh: situated west Hama 50KM overlooks the fertile AL-Ghab plain its full of natural and tourist places .
Asriyeh: situated east Hama 110KM the ancient Syrian and the most beautiful of ruins is the wonderful Roman Temple.
Misyaf: situated west Hama 45KM its surrounded by a low ancient wall and charming forest it has dine fair climate in summer there are many important archaeological citadels nearby. The most famous is Misyaf Citadel which dates from B.C. ears.
Deir Saleeb: situated north-west Hama 40KM and north-east Misyaf 12KM on a rocky hill and it was build in 418 A.D.
Mhardeh: situated west Hama 25KM overlooks the plain of AL-Asharneh and the most important archaeological site near its Sheizar.
Sheizar Citadel: situated north-west Hama 25KM it is the ancient Caesar and was called Laryssa in the Hellenistic era famous for its citadel and its wonderful ruins the southern tower the pyramidal mass and there are many regions distinguished by beauty of nature like Wadi Abo Qbbeis offering many excellent bars and restaurants.