Mikulov Travel Blog› entry 5 of 50 › view all entries
The approach to historical Mikulov from any direction will present you with a unique panorama and the silhouette of the chateau and Goat Hill between lime outlier of Turoldu and Holy Hill. More then eight hundred years old town hides in its heart rare sacral and architectonical monuments. Renaissance Square, original Jewish quarter placed under the chateau and many others.
History of this important border town dates back to times of the Big Moravia. Already in 11th century stood here a castle under which ramparts, on the important medieval business trail, had the town gradually grown. The town centre was encircled by stone walls, which remains are preserved in the town centre until today.
The first written record is dated 1249, when Mikulov and its neighbourhood were passed on, by margrave Přemysl, Jindřich
This aristocratic family held the town approximately tree hundred years.
Important chapter of Mikulov history had been written by Jews. Jewish town, mentioned in written sources from 14th century, belonged in medieval times to the most important in
Second important community which differed by position and way of life were Baptists, who came here in 16th century from area of today’s
Mikulov also was important centre of education. The oldest school probably existed near rectory and the
Mikulov is situated in Southern part of protected landscape area Pálava and biosphere preserve Dolní Morava under UNESCO patronage. In the town area and its direct neighbourhood you can find nature preserves Holly Hill, Turold or on south Šibeničník with rare steppe vegetation.
The town has kept its late medieval shape and that is why its heart in year 1952 was listed as preserve. Rare atmosphere of this ancient wine town, where the time was stopped, attracts many tourists every year.