Yaxuna

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Yaxuna, Mexico

Yaxuna Reviews

geokid geokid
146 reviews
Yaxuná Oct 02, 2009
Yaxuná is a large second-rank Maya center at (20°27′N, 88°40′W) that is 13 miles south of Chichén Itzá This is about the geographic center of the Yucatan. Yaxuná is older than Chichén Itzá by at least 500 years. A recent survey has documented more than 650 structures in the central 1 square mile of the site, varying from major acropolises that covering more than 2.5 acres to small foundations of building constructed of perishable materials. The mounded features of the site continue outward from the site center for at least 3/4 of a mile in all directions. The survey did not determine clear limit to the ancient community. The formal site covered at least 2.5 square miles. It contains dozens of monumental buildings. The longest known sacbé, runs straight as an arrow from the center of imperial city of Cobá 66 miles and ends among the pyramid platforms at the ceremonial center of Yaxuná. This sacbé has posed some very interesting questions about the politics of ancient Yucatan. Did Coba really think that Chichén Itzá would tolerate the building of this grand communication link?

Among the numerous building complexes at Yaxuná, the North Acropolis is the largest visible complex. This large platform has 3 large stepped pyramidal platform structures erected on top. The base of these three pyramidal structure date to the Late Pre-Classic.

In the Terminal Classic, conquerors from the Puuc area of the Yucatan added a decorated building onto the south face of eastern pyramidal platform of the North Acropolis for their "Popul Na", War Council House. This building was the focus of a Termination Ritual by the forces of Chichén Itzá when they conquered and destroyed the city. On a central pier of the War Council House protruding to the south of the main platform, stands a small building where is found copious amounts of Chichén Itzá style ceramics. Some archaeologist think that this a Chichén Itzá victory monument that they had constructed after their victory over Yaxuná. A hastily built siege wall also surrounds the entire platform.

Excavations of this Popul Na, War Council House has revealed compelling evidence for a Termination Ritual of this structure. The excavation of the Popul Na revealed a ritual pattern of interior burning, burned offerings, smashed water vessels, and a deliberate and technical dismantling of this highly symbolic building.

The Yaxuná ball court is 325'south of the North Acropolis complex on the center line of both the triple pyramid complex and the entire ceremonial center.

An interesting recent discovery at Yaxuná is the site of Xcan Ha which is located about 1.25 miles north of center of Yaxuná.

It is a defensive structure, built to withstand a long siege. It is constructed of solid stone with mortar joint. This is the farthest northern military outpost of Yaxuná. It is in a direct line with Chichén Itzá. Since it is believed that the citizens of Yaxuná were aligned with the rulers of Cobá it is possible that the Xcan Ha site was a defensive early warning fort to detect and delay attacks from Chichen Itzá and to warn the city of Yaxuná of impending danger from Chichén Itzá.

The old, Pre-Classic center of Yaxuná lies in the southern groups of triad pyramids. Here is a pyramid structure that stood during Pre-Classic times and was the tallest structure north of the imperial Peten city, El Mirador.
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Yaxuna
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