Vladivostok Fortress Reviews
The most powerful sea fortress in the world Nov 21, 2013
Vladivostok fortress— the complex of unique long-term defensive works constructed at the end of XIX — the beginning of the XX century in Vladivostok and its vicinities. Construction of fortress was finished approximately on 2/3, because of the beginning World War I, and afterwards October revolution.
On the 400 square kilometer territory, about 130 fortifications, strongholds and shore batteries were placed; they were equipped with 1,400 guns, which, however, fired not a single shot at the enemy. Its mere appearance deterred the enemy at once.
Fortress belongs to number of the most powerful seaside fortresses of the world, was created by exclusively Russian military engineers and builders, soldiers, sappers.
Still, in 1923, the fortress was no longer deemed a working fortification under the terms of the agreement with Japan, and the fortifications were permanently abandoned. It was only in the early 30s, after the formation of the Marine forces of the Far East, that the fortress came to the defence lines of the Soviet Union once again.
Quality and durability of the erected constructions and their subsequent modernization allowed to keep the value within several decades. It served one of the reasons for which the Japanese government didn't decide to enter war on the party of Hitlerite Germany.
In 1934, the Voroshilov battery was built on the Russky island, an imposing edifice of Soviet engineer-fortifiers. It took two years of construction to conduct the underground building. Concrete structures for each of the two towers reach an underground depth of 15 meters. The concrete vault of 3.5 meters can withstand a direct hit by bombs weighing a ton. The towers of the battery are connected by an underground passage of more than 200 meters. Huge battery guns weighing 51 tons could be rotated only with the strength of 10 people in the absence of electricity. Until 1997, the Voroshilov battery was a fighting unit of the Russian Armed Forces. Today, it is a branch of the Military Historical Museum of the Russian Pacific Fleet, which is particularly enjoyed today by Vladivostok schoolchildren.
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