A former part of Czechoslovakia, now known simply as Slovakia, the country is an island of land in Central Europe in between Austria, Hungary, Poland, Ukraine, and the Czech Republic. It is considered one of the most medieval places to visit within Europe, and as part of the European Union since 2004 has one of the most stable economies in the region. It is safe for all levels of travelers, veterans to first-timers, and the landscape is a myriad of Gothic architecture, hidden towns with hundreds of years of folklore and traditions, and a generally ancient feel that gives you the sense you're stepping back in time nearly everywhere you go.
Bratislava is arguably one of the most beautiful cities in Europe, and contains some of the most majestically restored Gothic and Renaissance churches and houses intermingled with Baroque buildings and plenty of cobblestone streets that weave their way between the buildings like a maze of pathways through a hedge garden. Interweaved in it all are cafes and internet hubs and plenty of Western themes and accommodations. This is your best choice for starting out in Slovakia.
From Bratislava you can branch out to places like Zilina, which is the fourth largest city in the country with a pristinely preserved city center and ancient German architecture, or Levoca, which is a unique little medieval town with a still-standing burger’s house and the epic St. James Cathedral. Outside of the cities are places like Spissky Hrad, which contains one of the largest UNESCO listed castles in Europe, or the World Heritage village of Vlkolinec. In addition, visitors can choose from the Low Tatras National park or the Slovakian Paradise National Park.
The euro is the common currency. Transportation and accommodations are fairly modern, and the cuisine and the beer are absolutely phenomenal. There are plenty of trains and other ways to get around, and the hiking in the countryside is some of the best in Europe. All in all, Slovakia is the perfect little medieval getaway, just waiting to be explored.