Roermond is a city, a municipality, and a diocese in the southeastern part of the Netherlands.
The city of Roermond is a historically important town, on the lower Roer at the east bank of the Meuse river. It received city rights in 1231. Roermond town centre has been designated as a conservation area.
Through the centuries the town has filled the role of commercial centre, principal town in the duchy of Guelders and since 1559 it has served as the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Roermond. The skyline of the historic town is dominated by the towers of its two churches: St. Christopher Cathedral and Roermond Minster or 'Munsterkerk' in Dutch. In addition to important churches, the town centre has many listed buildings and monuments.
Roermond's old city centre is home to several historic monuments, including:
• Minster church (Munsterkerk)
• Stateroom of city hall
• The old cemetery
• Kapel in 't Zand
• Roermond City Hall
• St. Christopher Cathedral
• Carolus chapel
• National Indiëmonument
• Kasteeltje Hattem
• The Galgeberg is a small hill in Roermond. It is in the Kapel in 't Zand-area of Roermond. "Galgeberg" is Dutch for "gallows hill". Once criminals were hanged or burned here. For instance in 1613, 64 witches were burned here; it was the biggest witchtrial in the Netherlands ever.
Roermond is known as a relatively unsafe place, a problem many cities close to the border have to cope with. In 2006 the city ranked as 3rd most criminal city in the Netherlands.outscoring Amsterdam. In 2007 Roermond managed to improve its reputation dropping down to a 9th place (though this figure is combined with the district of Swalmen, which had its own score in 2006). Efforts are being put in place to limit the petty crimes (especially car/house burglaries).
Valkenburg aan de Geul is situated in the southeastern Dutch province of Limburg.
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