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Poquoson is the oldest continuously named city in Virginia. The term "poquoson" was used to describe a boundary line between two elevated tracts of land. Such a boundary contained a stream, river, or creek with its adjoining marsh which lay between two tracts of higher ground. Poquoson was used as a common noun and is found in many deeds along the eastern seaboard. Through the years the term became a proper noun for the land that lies between two such poquosons--the Old Poquoson River and the New Poquoson River. The first mention of Poquoson was in Captain Christopher Calthrope land grant issued by a court in Elizabeth City on April 26, 1631. Three years later the Poquoson Parish was named as a beneficiary in the will of Benjamin Symms for "a free school to educate and teach the children of Elizabeth City and Poquoson." This New Poquoson Parish originally included the areas known today as Poquoson, Tabb, Grafton, Dare, and Seaford. The southern portion of the Poquoson District in York County was incorporated in 1952 to retain control over its schools. The city form of government was adopted in 1975.
According to the 2010 census, Poquoson had a population of 12,150 residents. The city has a total area of 78.4 square miles (203 km2), of which, 15.5 square miles (40 km2) of it is land and 62.9 square miles (163 km2) of it (80.21%) is water. The other percentages are divided between land and marsh. The city is a peninsula containing twenty square miles and is located between the Poquoson River on the north, Back River and Wythe Creek (the Old Poquoson River) on the south, the Chesapeake Bay on the east, and York County on the west. The city also shares a border with the City of Hampton and a water boundary across Chesapeake Bay with Northampton County.
Poquoson is known as a relatively safe city with low crime rates in the Hampton Roads area of Virginia, fairly affluent and with a high quality education system K-12. The annual Poquoson Seafood Festival (http://www.poquosonseafoodfestival.com) which celebrates Poquoson's heritage is the biggest event in Poquoson. The Poquoson History Museum (http://www.poquosonmuseum.com) along with the Poquoson Historical Society strive to preserve and promote the history and culture of Poquoson. In 2013 they worked closely with Acadia publishing to produce the book, "Images of America: Poquoson" (http://www.prlog.org/12144170-explore-the-history-of-poquoson-in-new-book.html).