Poprad - Basic info about city
Poprad - Basic info about city Reviews
Dec 28, 2007
Poprad, the third largest town of the eastern Slovakia (and the tenth Slovak largest town) is approximately situated on the 49° north latitude and the 20° east longitude. The Poprad Town is located in the broad steady, highly situated valley on both sides of the Poprad River. The cadastre has an irregular radial shape, with the area of 63,05 km2. In the northern part of the town, the massif of the High and Belianské Tatras is spreaded, in the eastern part, it is the Levoča mountain chain, in the south, there is a low highland of the Kozie chrbty, and in the west, there are heights of the Štrbské dividing ridge. The High Tatras massif hightens the valley approximately at 2,000m. A relative vicinity of the main Tatra range creates magnificent scenery of the town. In the town surroundings agricultural lands are located, which transfer into continuos forest complex. In a picturesque clearway of the High Tatras, since 1946, the history of so called Great Poprad, which has penetrated the awareness of both Slovaks and the international community as a gateway to the smallest European alpine mountains.Social, economic, and geographical significance of the town results from its advantageous transport location at the E50 road of the international significance and a main railway route Košice-Bratislava with a connection to the Czech Republic and Ukraine as well as the aerial connection, provided by the international airport Poprad - Tatry (belonging to the airports with the highest location in Europe – 718 m above sea level).
From a climatic point of view, Poprad has a mild climate with an average number of summer days less than 50 per year (with a maximum temperature 25°C or more). The town territory belongs to the mild dry or humid valley climate with a large temperature inversion, when the average temperature in January ranges from – 3,5° to 6°C and the temperature in July reaches from 16° to 17°C and the annual precipitation amount is about 600-800 mm. The climate in Poprad is significantly influenced by the neighbouring region of the High Tatras, which belongs to a cold climate. The largest cloudiness in Poprad is in the wintertime – approx. 67%; however, it starts to increase even in November, influenced by high cloud and fog amount. The smallest cloud amount is at the end of summer (in August - 55% and at the beginning of fall – 51%). Prevailing western and southwestern winds characterize wind terms; however, north and northwestern winds are not common. The highest number of strong wind days appears in the period of December – March.
From a hydrological point of view, the greater part of the town is situated at the Poprad river basin, which delivers water through the Dunajec River, the Visla River inflow to the Baltic Sea. The average annual flow of the Poprad River in Matejovce is 3,31 m3/s.
The real history of the town started even in the Ancient times. Actually, since that period, life at the territory has not stopped. Working tools, pottery, weapons – thus, all the preserved evidence result in the fact that at this area and its close surroundings, a busy trading activities had been pulsing as far as milleniums before Christ and has not stopped even after the Epoch overrun.
Poprad, whose the first written mention comes from 1256, used to be for 690 years – the entire Medieval and New Ages (up to 1946) just one of the towns, which currently create the town with 55,000 inhabitants. The other parts were the present urban parts – Matejovce (1251), Spišská Sobota (1256), Veľká (1268), and Stráže under Tatras (1276). The most significant town out of these herein mentioned was Spišská Sobota, which has preserved its dominant position till the end of the 19th century. On January 1st, 1923, on base of the Government regulation Nm. 257/1922, Poprad became a large village with an established municipality. Since January 1st, 1991 the town has constituted to a self-administration area unit, on the basis of the Act Nm. 369/1990 Code. Contrary to the totalitarian regime, the towns have become absolutely self-governing, administered by their elected authorities, which are not dependent on state or non-state authorities.
Currently, the political scene of the Poprad Town has been active, based on the principles of plurality and democracy, which have their historical roots in this region. Since the 14th century, the Poprad Town has developed through centuries as the multinational whole, with a certain nationality predominance – Slovak, German, Hungarian, Polish, or Croatian, etc.The prevailing positions of the industry, hiring major part of the population, belong to the heavy industry in Poprad, till 1990.
Municipal self-government has realized the town position, which determines it to become a center of tourism. In the SubTatra area. The conditions for development of tourism of the Tatra area at the present perception began after the Košice-Bohumín railway construction. Definitely, due to this fact, a leading position of the Poprad Town, as a standing point to the High Tatras as well as the main crossing point of the regional roads. The railway junction including the Poprad station gradually begins to connect closer or further towns (e.g. Tatranská Lomnica, Kežmarok, Stará Ľubovňa, Poland, Starý Smokovec, Štrbské Pleso). The last mentioned vital railway started to operate in the first decade of the 20th century as the Tatran electric railway. Within the radius of 50 km from Poprad, there are four national parks, each one of a different character, four mineral springs, and four various caves. These natural wonders are even strengthened by a Gothic explosion in the Spiš region, which during the Medieval times culminated in the extraordinary enhancement and it is epitomized by the town of Levoča, 25 km apart from Poprad, which has been proud of not only the tallest wooden Gothic altar in the world, but also almost untouched urban medieval structure.
All herein mentioned facts logically resulted into a predetermined development of the town, as an initial tourist point. Thanks to the philosophy of the elementary tourist base and consequential infrastructure as well as following service structure; the town has begun a challenging transformation process from the originally industrial center to the center of tourism.
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