Plzen (Pilsen) is the capital of West Bohemia, and was founded by the Czech King Wenceslas II. The historical city centre, is dominated by the slim tower of the Gothic St. Bartholomew Cathedral. With its height of 102,26 m (335 feet), this tower is the highest church spire in Bohemia. The square is currently under construction.
The whole range of important buildings in the city is an evidence for the era of great boom in the city on the turn of last two centuries. Today's Plzen counts 165 000 inhabitants and is a significant cultural, business and industrial centre, famous mostly due to the products of Plzen's brewery and the heavy machinery factories Skoda.