Perugia is the capital city of the Italian region of Umbria. It has an important university that attracts many foreign students, is a major centre of medieval art, has a stunningly beautiful central area and is perhaps best known for the annual events of Eurochocolate and Umbria Jazz held respectively in October and July.
Over the centuries Perugia has been dominated by numerous different peoples, evidence of which can be found in the many archaeological remains. Starting with the Etruscans, who probably founded Perugia in the 6th century B.C. Remains of the Roman domination include paved roads, the forum, the cisterns, the Roman amphitheatre outside Porta Marzia, the thermal baths and what is assumed to be a mausoleum, located under St. Peter’s bell tower.
Perugia lies on a hill 1,640 ft above sea level, with the old town spreading all around it, and partly surrounded by Etruscan and Medieval Walls. There are two city walls: that external, dating back to the Middle Ages, is still intact for several miles and is marked by several entrances, such as the Cassero di Porta Sant'Angelo. The inner, Etruscan wall, was built using huge rocks.
The city is only one and a half hours drive from Rome and Florence and five hours from Milan.
One of the most famous towns in Italy is Assisi, a small medieval town perched on a hill in Umbria in the heart of Italy. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and, above all, homeland of St. F…