Monument to Pachacutec
Ovalo Pachakuteq , Cusco, Peru
Monument to Pachacutec Cusco Reviews
Pachacutec Monument - 'He Who Changed the World' Apr 16, 2014
Not far outside of Cusco's historic center is a striking, stone monument honoring one of the most important figures in Inca history. Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui, or Pachacutec (1438–71), known in Quechua as "He who changed the World," was declared Emperor of the Incas for his efforts to raise an army which successfully defeated an invasion by the Chanca tribe after his own father, Viracocha, fled.
Pachacutec is considered one of the greatest Inca rulers and an empire builder. Not only did Pachacutec implement various improvements to Cusco, including the channelization of the Tullumayo and Saphi rivers (running under Plaza des Armas), he also ordered the expansion of the Koricancha (Temple of the Sun), and is credited with beginning the construction of Sacsayhuaman.
Pachacutec's reign began with a kingdom of perhaps only 25 square miles, but he managed to transform it into a vast realm. Pachacutec is credited with creating a system of roads was an impressive achievement considering that the Inca had not discovered the wheel yet. He also developed a highly organized, efficient government at a time when there was no written Inca language.
The over 100 ft. tall monument is in the form of a "kero," the shape of a ceremonial vase Incas used to store sacred objects. Atop the stone base is the bronze statue of the Inca emperor Pachacutec. Construction of the monument spanned 14 months and employed 20 stone workers who used 1,400 pieces of stone. The bronze sculpture of Pachacutec is the work of Fausto Espinoza Farfan and weighs approximately 17 tons.
The monument traces the history and legacy of the man while explaining the ways in which Pachacutec remains an important figure in the lives of the people of Cusco even today. Visitors can actually enter the monument which has a double entrance such as also can be found in the Koricancha (Temple of the the Sun), Sacsayhuaman, Machu Picchu, and other Inca sites. Windows in the monument allow a panoramic view of outlying Cusco (see accompanying photo). Entrance requires a Boleto Touristico or Cusco Tourist Ticket which can be purchased online and covers many Inca sites with the full ticket, or a few sites with a partial ticket.
Part of the Sacred Valley, Peru 2014 travel blog
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a view of the city from below Nov 25, 2008
The bronze Pachacutec statue is 11.5 m tall and stands on a pedestal 75 ft above the surrounding area. He’s pretty easy to find. Just head downhill along Ave El Sol to the big statue in the middle of the big roundabout. This monument is covered by the Cusco ticket and you get some nice views of the city from here.
As you climb up the 9 levels of the base, you find interesting things to read on each level. Most levels have at least 2 large, colorful signs describing the life and accomplishments of the Inca leaders, roughly in chronological order. The signs are in both Spanish and English and are pretty interesting.
From the top, you can see much of Cusco including the airport, the mountains surrounding Cusco, the words on the hill slopes, church spires, rooftops, another statue, the ruins of Sacsayhuaman, and the crazy driving right below you in the roundabout. You really get a nice view of the city and its not very crowded.
Part of the Amigas Bonita do Peru travel blog
Part of the list Sights of the Sacred Valley of Peru