Minorca (Menorca both in Catalan and Spanish; from Latin Balearis Minor, later Minorica "minor island") is the second largest of the Balearic Islands (Illes Balears Catalan official name, Islas Baleares in Spanish) located in the Mediterranean Sea and belongs to Spain.
It takes its name from being smaller than nearby island of Mallorca. Menorca has a population of approximately 88,000. It is located around 39┬░47' to 40┬░00'N, 3┬░52' to 4┬░24'E.
It is famous for the beautiful beaches with crystal-clear water, picturesque villages, prehistoric monuments, traditional shoes and food and drink (the name mayonnaise is taken from the capital, Mahon).
The north and south of the island are very different: the north is dark slate rock and features its highest point, called El Toro or Monte Toro, is 358m/1174ft above sea level, whilst the south is brighter with tall cliffs.
The Romans, Vandals, Spanish and English have all left their mark on the island, its archetecture and it's food. As well as mayonnaise, the gin is very famous (served with lemon) and Menorcan cheese is famous across Spain.