Kraton Yogyakarta Reviews
THE PALACES OF YOGYAKARTA and SURAKARTA Aug 17, 2014
THE PALACE’S (KERATON) OF YOGYAKARTA and SURAKARTA (Solo),Central Java.
For Centuries West, Central and East Java (Indonesia) was going through incredible changes, mainly due to worldwide trade with many Countries, the Dutch, Portuguese, English, Chinese and the Japanese had the most interest in the many rich resources these Islands have to offer, so it was this trading with Indonesia’s northern coastal ports that started making these area’s wealthy.
In the 16th Century the Central Javanese Regencies was very unstable, so it was the Sultans of Mataram that pressured hard to gain control and stabilise the area for many years. But then in the early 17th Century they felt the West and North were about to destabilize and threaten their rule, so they set about to attack the Dutch who were now in Control Jakarta(Batavia)to the West, they would try twice but in vain to take Jakarta but the Dutch and its Navy were far to strong. In failing to achieve this, they then set out to crush any threat from the northern regencies. Many conflicts took part with the aim to stop them getting wealthier and stronger. Many other regency leaders were murdered, but this was to be a very long campaign, and many years were to pass without results... and it was inevitable that the Dutch took control of the Mataram Sultanate after gaining concessions from sultan Amangkurat II whom had asked them to help reinstate him as rightful King in the Palace at KARTASURA...which been overthrown by Rebels, he had fled with his father (then King) who died shortly after fleeing. The Rebels and their Leader had no interest in running this struggling empire, so made back to there stronghold in Kediri, East Java with their bounty of riches
Pangeran Puger’ was the younger brother of Amangkurat II, who had been left behind in Kurtasura, Seizing this opportunity the brother took for himself the crown and control of what was left of the Mataram court.
The Dutch (VOC) with many offers and promises ,went to war firstly with the Rebels in Kediri, after securing victory here they went on to the Court Materam and forced his younger brother to relinquish the throne in favour of his elder brother Amangkurat II, as the Dutch secured this they inevitably gained a tight control over the new King.
With this control of the Dutch, they decided to divide the seat of the Mataram Court into 2 main Regencies that of Yogyakarta and Surakarta. Keeping the Sultans at the seats in order to keep the peace. They were under the control of the Dutch until World War II.
Then they had the Japanese occupation,In 1945 at the end of the war Indonesia fought back for its Indepence. Which was granted on this day 17th AUGUST 1945
The Palace’s at Yogyakarta and Surakarta were the last to be rebuilt, before they were situated in different area’s. Yogyakarta Kraton was originally at Kotagede and the Kraton in Surakarta was relocated from KARTASURA , they moved because after it was raided and looted by Rebels and then retaken with help from the Dutch. The new sultan then deemed it according to Javanese belief, to be 'Tarnished', because it had been occupied by the enemies of his kingdom.
Part of the Java 2014 travel blog
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