Kosovo is a region in southeastern Europe. In antiquity, the Dardanian kingdom, and later Roman province of Dardania was located in the region. It was part of Serbia in the Middle Ages, during which time many important Serbian Christian monasteries, some of which are now UNESCO World Heritage sites, were built.
The Battle of Kosovo in 1389 is regarded by Serbs as a defining moment in their history and identity. In the 15th century, the region was conquered by the Muslim Ottoman Empire and remained under Ottoman rule for the next five centuries.
After the First Balkan War (1912-1913), Kosovo was incorporated into the Kingdom of Serbia. The constitution of Yugoslavia, created after World War II, recognized the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija within the Yugoslav republic of Serbia.
Since the late twentieth century, long-term severe ethnic tensions between Kosovo's Albanian and Serb populations have left Kosovo ethnically divided, resulting in inter-ethnic violence, including the Kosovo War of 1999. The Kosovo War ended with the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia accepting that it would give up the exercise of its sovereignty pending a final status settlement. Under UNSCR 1244, governance passed to the United Nations in 1999.
In 2008 the Republic of Kosovo declared itself an independent state. It has control over most of the territory and has partial international recognition. North Kosovo, the largest Serb enclave, is largely under the control of institutions of the Republic of Serbia or parallel structures subsidized by Serbia.
Now days Kosovo is safe for travel and most of young people speak English. Only issue is around artificial "border" between Serbian and Albanian parts, but there is no armed conflict.
Pristina is the capital of Kosovo, the world's newest country having just declared independence on 17 February 2008. Pristina's population is about 600,000.
Pristina lies in these geograp…