When it comes to offering access to some of the most ancient history in the world, Greece seems to have it all. In fact, anywhere you go in Greece you are surrounded by mythology, ancient history, ancient technology, and some of the most brilliant minds to have ever been born. The island of Kos is another of the many Greek regions to offer visitors the chance to experience some of the unique Greek culture and history that has been handed down over the generations. On top of that, the island itself contains a variety of geography from for plains to mountainous highlands, and is only four kilometers out from the coast of Bodrum, Turkey, making for a perfect day trip if you are staying in the resort town.
As an island in the Aegean Sea, Kos is actually part of a chain of mountains which were separated by earthquakes in ancient times. As such, there has been a wide variety of fossil remains found, and the mountains themselves are a popular hiking destination for tourists. Beyond the hiking, however, are the pristine beaches stretching along the 112 kilometers of coastline along the Aegean, although the island's major claim to fame is the ancient home of Hippocrates, who is considered the father of modern medicine, who both lived and practiced medicine here.
While Kos is a major tourist destination, and your first glimpse of the island will be that touristy sheen that covers such places, once you get beyond the outer rim into the inner parts of the island it’s almost as though you're entering a different world. From the Plane Tree of Hippocrates to the ruins of Asklepieion to the 14th century castle and the mountains and beaches that cover the island, there is more than enough to keep you busy for several days if you truly want to experience everything the island has to offer.
While traditionally Bodrum was the site of the ancient city of Halicarnassus, and home to the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus—one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World—that was tragically …