Jeddah is the major urban center of western Saudi Arabia with about 4 Million inhabitants. It is located on the coast of the Red Sea and is Saudi Arabia's second largest city. Other than Riyadh, Jeddah has a long history. It dates back about 2500 years and has always been the center of the Hijaz region.
The historical transformation of Jeddah began in 647 AD when the third Caliph, Othman Bin Affan, ordered the city to be transformed into a port to welcome pilgrims (Hajjis) coming by sea for the Holy Pilgrimage in Makkah. To this day, Jeddah is the main passage for both sea and air pilgrims as well as those traveling by road.