Hverir Fumarole Fields & Krafla Jun 27, 2008
Krafla is a caldera of about 10 km in diameter with a 90 km long fissure zone, south of Mývatn region. Its highest peak reaches up to 818 m.
Krafla includes one of the two best known Víti craters of Iceland, the second is part of Askja.
The Icelandic word "víti" means "hell". In former times, people often believed Hell to be under volcanoes. The crater Víti has a green lake inside of it.
The Krafla area also includes Námafjall or sometmes known as Hverir, a geothermal area with boiling mudpools and steaming fumaroles.
During the years 1724-29, there were the so-called Mývatn fires. A lot of fissure vents opened up and the lava fountains could be seen even in the south of the island.
The last volcanic eruption at Krafla took place in 1984 and it is this lava you can see around the roads on the A1 and side roads into Krafla.
Since 1977 the geothermal energy has been put to use by means of a 60 MW power station.
You can drive through the station and park at the car park and walk round the craters or park on the opposite side of the road and wander in the mud fields and fumaroles that steam hiss and spit.
All sites are free and highly interesting .... parking is plentiful and just off the A1 south of Myvatan makes it easy to stop off and browse for an hour or 2.
Part of the Nordic Expedition 2008 - Part 2 - Iceland travel blog
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