Fort Frederica National Monument

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6515 Frederica Road, Saint Simons Island, GA, USA

Fort Frederica National Monument Saint Simons Island Reviews

Andy99 Andy99
621 reviews
A most interesting Colonial site Mar 20, 2011
Fort Frederica National Monument preserves the site of the colonial Georgia town and fort of Frederica. The National park Service has done an outstanding job in preserving and interpreting the remains of the 18th century British settlement.

Georgia was the last of the 13 Colonies to be founded. Savannah had been in existence only a few years when James Oglethorpe (1696-1785) scouted the area of St. Simons Island for a new settlement. He brought 116 English settlers to the island in 1736. Frederica grew quickly, reaching 1,000 by 1740.

The town was laid out in a grid pattern by the Frederica River, with wide (75 foot) main streets. Olgethorpe also built a fort on the river, garrisoned by Highland troops and his own 42nd Regiment of Foot. Therein lay a key purpose of the fortified settlement. The British wanted to keep the Spanish from moving north from Florida into Georgia and the Carolinas. The garrison was involved in to major actions. In 1740, during the "War of Jenkins Ear", Olgethorpe's troops laid siege to Spanish St. Augustine, but retreated. The Spanish, in turn, attacked St. Simons Island in 1742, but were repulsed.

Peace between Britain and Spain in 1749 saw the withdrawl of troops from Frederica. Even though Frederica craftsmen traded with New York, the town could not sustain itself without the garrison and went into decline. A fire in 1758 finished it off.

Today, parts of the fort stand, but only the foundations of the houses remain. Remarkably, much is known about the people who lived in Frederica and many interpretive signs explain who lived at a house and what they did. The houses were built of timber, or of tabby, a mixture of sand, limestone, and oyster shells. (Bricks were difficult to come by in the sea islands.) Visitors can walk the streets and learn about life in the colonial Georgia frontier. In many ways, the town reminds of me Colonial Williamsburg without the restored or reconstructed buildings.

The King's Magazine and part of the Barracks, both built of tabby, represent the Fort.

The Visitor Center has a film and a small museum.

Admission is $3. Fort Frederica is well worth exploring.
Fort Frederica
Union Flag over Fort Frederica
Gun battery on the Frederica River
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jamartin39 jamartin…
113 reviews
Fort Frederica May 02, 2010
This place was great. It was like walking through an archeological site. The National Park Service has done a great job at preserving this site while keeping it open to the public.

The old foundations of houses and shops were somewhat still in place, they had street signs in place where actual streets had once been when it was an active community.

The fort itself was a small little stone fort that stood at the opposite end of the park near the water.

The grounds were amazing and beautiful, I thought the tress were very interesting with all the Spanish moss hanging down off the branches so I took many pictures of them.

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Fort Frederica National Monument Map
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photo by: Andy99