The town of Évora has a history dating back for more than two millennia. The Romans conquered Évora in 57 BC and it became a flourishing city. After a Barbarian evasion in 584, a Moorish rule from 715 till 1165, Évora was finally won by the Portuguese king Alfonso I in 1166. It was made into one of the most dynamic cities in the Kingdom of Portugal during the Middle Ages.
Due to its many different rules and the many monuments that were erected by major artists in each period, Évora has become an important historical heritage. Many call the old centre an open-air museum, it has atmospheric, narrow streets and alleys, several breathtaking churches and even a well-preserved Roman Temple.