Columbus, Georgia, once the site of a Creek Indian Village, is one of the few cities in the United States to be planned in advance of its founding.
Columbus, which encompasses an area of approximately 218 square miles, is located in the west central part of the State of Georgia bordering on the Alabama state line, 90 miles southwest of the City of Atlanta and approximately 80 miles east of Montgomery, Alabama.
Columbus was established in 1828 on the Chattahoochee River, and subsequent growth has been to the north and northeast. This is because of the Alabama State line and the later establishment of Fort Benning on the south and east.
The entire land area of Muscogee County encompasses approximately 140,000 acres making it the largest city in Georgia in terms of land area. The 2006 Census lists the population at 188,660.
An annual mean temperature of 61 degrees Fahrenheit allows for the year-round use of many recreational facilities which would not be possible in other parts of the country. Winters typically have periods of warm weather, often reaching the low 80s. Columbus is characterized by hot, humid summers that require the buildings to be air conditioned to be comfortable.
Columbus is home to Fort Benning.