City Monuments

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Artem Street, Donetsk, Ukraine

City Monuments Donetsk Reviews

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Exploring the City May 18, 2017
Walking along Pushkin Boulevard, you will forget you are in a huge industrial city. The boulevard is about two kilometers long and is a must for visitors of Donetsk. This is where you will not miss the enchanting beauty of its downtown. You can start behind the Russian Drama Theater at Pushkin bust and proceed to Shevchenko monument. The monument to Taras Shevchenko, the Bard of Ukraine stands in front of the Regional Administration building.

Walking along Artem Street, the main city street, you will see the monument to Artiom (the Communist paty name of Fiodor Sergeyev) at 104 Artem Street. Artem monument stands at the crossing of Artem Street and Peace Avenue. You can marvel at the six-meter-high (20 feet) statue of Fiodor Sergeyev who became one of the Communist symbols of the Donets Basin. The six-meter sculpture of Artem weighing 16 tons stands on a high cliff. Together with the granite pedestal, the monument reaches ten-plus meters in height. The monument was created by sculptor V.M.Kostin and architect M.K.Yakovlev in 1967. There is a memorial plaque with the years of life of the politician. The memorial plaque contains the words of Artem and reads, "The spectacle of unorganized masses is unbearable for me". Artiom (in Russian; in Ukrainian: "Artem") was an outstanding Soviet Communist leader who lived and worked in the Donets Basin and died in 1921. In addition, he was an adopted son of Joseph Jugashvili who later became Joseph Stalin. Artem was revered by the Soviet authorities and is remembered as one of the Soviet "saints" now.

Fiodor Andreyevich Sergeyev (Artiom) became the Chairman of the Council of the People’s Commissars (the Prime-Minister) of Donetsk-Kryvyi Rih Socialist Republic (DKSR). This republic existed on the map from the end of January until the middle of March 1918. It was a part of the Russian Federation and included Kharkiv Region, Yekaterinolav Region, a part of Kherson Region and the areas of the Russian Don Cossacks. This republic became a part of the Ukrainian Soviet Republic on March 19, 1918, but by the middle of April 1918 the whole republic was occupied by German troops according to the Treaty of Brest, a separate peace treaty between the Bolsheviks and Germany.

Visiting the city stadium in Artem Street, you can see the statue of Sergey Bubka in front of the stadium. Sergey Bubka is a famous Olympic champion, a pole vault jumper, an IOC member, Hero of Ukraine, who lives and works in Donetsk. I think this is the only monument to a living Ukrainian hero at present. The inscription at the foot of the monument reads, “Sergey Bubka, outstanding sportsman of the 20th century, multiple World and Olympic Champion”. The monument is considered a symbol of the achievements of sports in Donetsk. Sergei Bubka is a six-time world champion, 35-times world record holder, the winner of the Olympic Games, in high jump with pole. Sergei Bubka is also an honorary citizen of the city. The monument was unveiled on August 29, 1999, during the athlete’s lifetime. The bronze monument is made in the form of a statue of an athlete who holds a pole in his hands and prepares to jump, and a swallow is flying near his right foot. The height of the monument is 3.5 meters. Six meters 15 centimeters is the height, which became a record for the jumper, and it is also the height of the pedestal on which his statue stands.

Joseph Cobzon monument near the “Youth Palace” concert hall in Cheliuskintsev Street is another monument to an outstanding contemporary. The monument is very democratic and has no pedestal. The statue’s left hand is well polished by the people who have their photo taken. Joseph Kobzon is a legendary artist of the Soviet Union, a native of Donetsk region. To the artist’s birthday, the 69th anniversary, and on the eve of the City Day, an intravital monument was unveiled on August 30, 2003 on the site near Yunost Leisure Center. The bronze sculpture of the singer is two meters high. It is mounted on a basis of cement.

The statue of the Archangel Michael is located in front of Savior’s Transfiguration Cathedral in Donetsk. The sculpture is made of bronze in the form of a full-height young man in a wide canopy. The young man has a fire sword and a shield in his hands. The history of this monument is interesting. Originally, it was installed in Kiev since Archangel St.Michael is considered the patron saint of the Ukrainian capital. The sculpture was located in Independence Square. It towered on the Zero Kilimeter Column - a tall column of snow-white marble, which had been specially brought from Italy. During the reconstruction of Independence Square in 2001, the statue was removed from its place and replaced by the Globe. A completely new monument to Archangel St.Michael was built in Independence Square and the Archangel's sculpture was donated to Donetsk. Therefore, in 2002 the bronze Archangel St.Michael appeared in Donetsk at the entrance to the cathedral. There is an inscription on its pedestal – a prayer in Ukrainian. Now the monument stands in Artem Street, the main street of Donetsk, as a symbol of the Ukrainian Renaissance.

Our cab driver explained to us during our city tour that the cathedral was given a lucky space in the main street. That space had been banned from any construction site for years. The thing is the public garden located there was built at the place of a former Nazi cemetery. Several years ago, the City Council adopted a resolution the beginning of the construction of a new cathedral, thus destroying all the graves of the Nazis who fell in 1943 when the city was liberated from the invaders by the Soviet Army.

Another must-see monument is Lenin monument in Lenin Square. I would say it is one of the biggest Lenin monuments in Ukraine. The monument to Lenin and the trihedral pylon were installed in Lenin Square in 1967. This memorial ensemble was dedicated to fiftieth anniversary of the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917. The bronze sculpture of Lenin is made in full growth and stands on a high granite pedestal. The height of the pedestal and sculpture is about 13.5 meters.

Nearby is a 42-meter pylon, which was made of trihedral elements. They were manufactured of stainless steel. The sculpture faces south, where there is a metallurgical plant in Donetsk, formerly known as Lenin Plant. There are granite slabs at the base of the pylon, under which the messages for future generations were walled up. The first capsule contains a message that was prepared on October 29, 1971 by participants in the meeting of labor dynasties and will be opened on October 29, 2018. The second one will be opened on the day of the 150th birth anniversary of Lenin on April 22, 2020, it contains a letter for the youth of the city.

You can approach this monument from different angles and take a lucky picture of it and the obelisk with Lenin’s words on how important the Donets Basin is. It is worth visiting as one of the biggest remaining Lenin monuments of Ukraine. You can see a 42-meter-high (138 feet) pylon with an inscription that quotes Lenin,"The Donets Basin is not just an accidental region, it is the region without which the cause of the socialist development would have been a mere wish".

The monument to the famous Ukrainian opera singer Anatoly Solovyanenko, a native of Donetsk, located near the Opera and Ballet Theater looks very special.
The monument to Archangel St.Micha…
Archangel St.Michael monument
Archangel St.Michael's monument in…
Artem monument
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