Church of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary

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Kostelní 289, Most, Czech Republic - +420 - 724 030 513

Church of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary Most Reviews

german_eagle german_e…
294 reviews
The relocated Deanery church Oct 04, 2016
This magnificent late Gothic catholic church has a truly fascinating history. Built after 1517, it was relocated from its original place in the old town of Most to its present site in the outskirts of the new city in October 1975. The whole procedure, from the planning over preparations for the move to the re-consecration, took more than 20 years. The church was sort of stripped naked, all the works of art inside, the stained glass windows etc. were removed, the tower was deconstructed, the pillars, ceiling and the walls were wrapped in concrete, a base plate of concrete was built under the church, finally a sort of steel belt was wrapped around the church. The move was done on railroads with an average speed of 1-3 cm per minute, the distance was 841.10 m. The relocation took 27 days. After the move was finished, the church was restored, including the original interior, additional works of art came to the church from other demolished churches/buildings in old town Most, the tower was reconstructed.

Nowadays you can again visit this outstanding example of late Gothic hall-type churches. Architect was Jakob Heilmann, who had previously built St. Annen church in Annaberg-Buchholz in neighbouring Saxony - the majority of works of art inside were created by Saxons, btw, evidence for the a) the friendly relations beetween Bohemia and Saxony and b) the first rate artisans in Saxony at that time. The inside of the church is bright and airy. First thing you see is the outstanding baptismal font (1560-65) by Hans Walter the Younger, sculptor at the Dresden court. The figures depicting children at the base are works of famous Hans Witten, see the tulip-shaped pulpit in the Dom in Freiberg. What blew me away were the reliefs on the balustrades of the balcony, created 1560-70 by an unknown master - they tell stories from the Old and New Testament. Simply amazing!

Take your time and have a look at the many chapels with more beautiful works of art (woodcarved figures, painted altars, epitaphs etc.), walk up to the balcony where you can see stained-glass windows and have a closer look at the organ as well as the reliefs on the balustrades. Look up to the vaulted ceiling, where you'll discover oddly shaped ribs. The main altar is from the Baroque era, to me it was like an odd foreign piece in that Gothic church. But it's magnificent nonetheless - works that were inspired by the Bishop from nearby Litomerice. Last but not least, walk down the steps to the crypt, a relic of the previous church that burned down in 1515.

When finished with the interior, have a look at the grounds around Deanery church as well. As a result of the relocation, the Deanery church lacks any traditional surroundings like a vicarage/parish house, an urban situation like a square with townhouses or so. Quite the opposite: The church is in the outskirts, the major road and railroads separate it from the rest of the city. In the last years the grounds around the church were at least redesigned as a park with monuments that had been removed from the old town as well, the former open coal mine was turned into a small lake, woods were planted, benches set up etc. A couple of minutes away the Church of the Ascension and Saint Martyr Valentine was erected (see separate tip) and a closer look at the relocated monuments is also worthwhile.

Pic 34 shows the Baroque St. Jan Nepomuk monument, a group with the Nepomuk figure in the centre, Karl Borromäus and St. Elisabeth von Thüringen on the sides, since 2008 at this place. On pic 35 you see the column with the figures of St. Jan Nepomuk and the Czech patrons (Václav, Vojtech, Ludmilla und Prokop), a work of J. A. Dietz from 1719 - 22. The calvary from nearby village Komorany is on pic 36 - it reminds of the plague in 1681. There are also some modern works of art near the church, probably creations during a sculptors' summer course recently, see pic 37.

Closed on Mondays, open Tue - Sun 10 - 16, in July/August 10 - 18 h (except during mass), closed Nov - March.

Admission: Adults CZK 75 (about 3 Euro), photo permit CZK 100 (about 4 Euro, no photography of the side chapels allowed!). Guided tours in German or English +100% of admission fee. A guide book in German or English is CZK 31.
Deanery Church of the Assumption o…
Baptismal font
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photo by: german_eagle