Chateau Cabannieux Wine
Chateau Cabannieux Wine Graves Reviews
French Wines - American Influence Jul 03, 2010
The history of the vineyards is quite intriguing. During a recent wine tasting I learned about American influence on French wines. Arguably the most renowned wines on earth, the classed growths of Bordeaux continues to epitomize the power and complexity they are capable of. While most known wines in the United States are based on Cabernet Sauvignon, both Merlot and Cabernet Franc play important roles in adding layered complexity to the finished wines, allowing wine makers in each setting in a given region to use that blend that is best suited to their unique combination of soil and meso-climate.
The most famous have their individual and classic traits with St. Estephe giving full and rustic wines, heavy clay soils, to Paulliacs elegant balance of ripe fruits, minerality and structure to St. Julien's rich blackberry core and supple feel.
Moving south brings you to Margaux with its notes of flowers and berries draped over a feminine frame. The Graves region has wines redolent with tobacco, gravel and smoke.
To the east lies the famous appellations of St. Emillion, with its wonderful ripe Cabernet Franc, and Pomerol where Merlot rules the roost and produces deep plush wines of uncommon refinement.
Had it not been for American grapevine rootstock, Bordeaux and several other of the world's greatest vineyards would no longer exist. In the late 1890s, the root louse known as Phylloxera was ravaging vineyards in Bordeaux, the Rhone, Burgundy and the rest of Europe. Wine production was at a near standstill as vineyards died in by the acre. It was discovered that while the native rootstock of Europe's Vitis Vinifera was very susceptible to Phylloxera, the Vitis Labrusca rootstock, a north American native was resistant to the louse. A campaign to replant Vinifera vines grafted onto Labrusca rootstock saved wines as we now know it. Bordeaux was hit especially hard, and is the most dramatic example of the ghastly effect of Phylloxera had on the world.
Today with very few exceptions, all of the quality wine in the world is made from grapes grown on Vinifera (European) vines grafted onto Labrusca (North American) rootstock. Thus America's influence on the Wine World.
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