rue de la Lampèze, Nimes, France
Castellum Aquae Nimes Reviews
An extremely rare vestige of the Roman world Aug 31, 2011
This castellum aquae,a castellum divisorium,a distribution tank is one of the 2 basins of this kind still in this condition in all the world,the other being in Pompeii(see my review in my Campanian blog 2010).
Located in a higher part of Nimes,rue de la Lampèze,it is a circular basin 5,90 m in diameter,1,40 deep carved in the rock.It is the point of arrival in Nimes of an aqueduct(90% was subterranean),50 km long, that brought the water from the Source de l'Eure,close to Uzès to the city of Nimes.
It was the departure point for 10 lead pipes each of with a specific function that took water to the different areas of the city,to bath houses,public fountains,monuments and rich patrician houses with running water at home.
On its circumference,you can see ten openings 40 cm in diameter for water distribution.The 2 central mouths provided water in a basin where people have found antic coins:the habit to throw coins in basins isn't new!
The basin should have been housed in a circular building with frescoes on its walls(people have seen fresco when the castellum was re-discovered in 1823)
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