Brdo Avala Belgrade Reviews
A Day Trip To Avala Apr 06, 2015
The Avala mountain is 18km from Belgrade with the top on 511m above sea level. I took the tram #9 from the city to Trosarina, from where I continued to Avala by bus 401. There are two roads at the hill foot. The left is for pedestrians, trekking path about 20-30 minutes to the top. On the right is a road for cars, 5km long.
There are eight sources- fountains of clean drinking water, Sakinac is the first from the start of the path.
Avala was first mentioned in the 16th century. The name derives from the Arabic word Havala, meaning lookout or a castel above the town. On the top was the town Zrnov from the Middle Age, built on the Roman ruins. Turkish sultan Murat conquered it and changed its name to Guzelce in 1442. Sultan Suleyman Kanuni conquered Belgrade from Hungarians in 1521, when it became a part of the Ottoman Empire with the administration of the governor Porca. Porca's grave is there on Avala. With the conquest of Belgrade, Avala lost its importance for Turks.
The remains of neglected town were totally destroyed in 1934-8 when on its place was built a mausoleum, a monument to the unknown hero from the First World War. In the written documents it was Sulejman Balic, a Bosnian from Sandzak, who died bravely defending Belgrade. Statues of women in folk in the monument respresent a Slovenian, Croatian, Bosnian, Dalmatian, Montenegrin, Vojvodian, Serbian and Macedonian.
On the opposite side of a hotel on Avala there is a TV tower( working hours from Tue- Fri- 10-16:30, Sat-Sun 10- 18, Monday-closed). The new tower was built on 439m above sea level, 204, 8m high, with a lookout at 123m, the highest building on the Balkans. A ticket costs 200 dinars or 400 dinars with included drink in the restaurant on a floor under the lookout. There are two lifts carring visitors by speed of 3m/s to cafe restaurant and a lookout over the whole area. In a nice clear day it is possible to see the mouth of the Sava River into the Danube River, on the south- Šumadija and Vojvodina, on the west is Macva, on the east is Morava river seen as white curvy line, on the north is Srem, the Rudnik Mountain, Fruška gora, the abandoned mine of quick silver Šuplja stena. The Vinca colony was established by miners in the 7th century. On Avala was also found mineral avalit, a bluegreen stone. There are also two Roman ruins, Singidunum, at the foot of Avala.
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