Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano
4 Piazza di San Giovanni in Laterano, Rome, Italy
06 6988 6433
Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano Rome Reviews
Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano. Apr 07, 2017
This is Rome' s cathedral.
Constantine the emperor is thought to have funded the construction of the first basilica on the site of the former barracks of selected kinghts. It was built on the site of the estate belonged to a family named Laterani; hence the name of this church.
It was damaged and rebuilt various times thorught the centuries; due to earthquakes and fires. The last time it was reconstructed it was in the 16th century.
In 1646 Pope Innocent X commissioned to Borromini the renovation of the basilica interior. In the main nave, Borromini designed twelve gigantic niches decorated with marbles and columns. Twelve huge statues of the apostles were placed in the niches between 1706 and 1718. The facade of this church was built in 1732.
Part of the list What to do and see in Rome.
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The main church of the world - Basilica di San Giovanni in Lateran Dec 26, 2011
5 June 1305 Pope Clement V is elected
Fact about Clement "Clement became pope after a long deadlock in the Papal conclave of 1304-5. The Italian and French cardinals were almost equally balanced and couldn't decide who to elect as the new Pope. Finally as a compromise they elected Clement - who it turned out - were allied with the French King. He decided to move the Papal court away from Rome and finally to Avignon in 1309. The Papal court never returned to the Lateran Palace again."
The Basilica di San Giovanni in Lateran is an impressive church in Rome and it is the most significant church in the world. It is the main basilica of the Bishop of Rome - the Pope. Therefore it is the highest ranking of all Roman-Catholic churches in the world - ahead of even the Church of Saint Peter in the Vatican. It is actually the only Archbasilica in the world - with the French President as the honorary Canon of the church. And until the beginning of the 14th century the Papal court resided in the Lateran Palace next to the Archbasilica.
Hence this church is a place of great significance in the Roman-Catholic world and even though it is located outside the Vatican itself it has been given to the Vatican as a special area with extraterritorial status under the rule of the Holy See. The first trip any new Pope will make from the Vatican will be to this very church to take it into possession.
Despite the great significance of the church only a relative small number of people seem to go here. This is probably due to the fact it is slightly away from the centre of Rome so you will have to make a bit of an effort to actually get to the church. The church is quite impressive both from the inside as well as the outside - hence it is well worth the effort to go. Further if you go you might as well visit the two other attractions next door - the Scala Sancta and the Battistero di San Giovanni.
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