The largest city in the Caucasus, and the capital of Azerbaijan, Baku is a coastal city on the southern section of the Absheron Peninsula as it juts out into the Caspian Sea. Along with being the largest city in the region, Baku is also one of the oldest cities in this part of the world, with its name widely believed to be ancient Persian for “wind-pounded city”. With a history dating back to the sixth century A.D., Baku can lay claim to more than just its current title as important city in the area, and the array of architectural wonders such as the Fire Temple at Suraxany or the ancient Walled City of Baku—a World Heritage Site that includes Shirvanshah’s Palace and Maiden Tower—are but a tiny fraction of what the city has to offer for travelers.
Baku is an Islamic nation, and its close ties to Muslim influences can be seen in most of the architecture throughout the city. Since the city is also a modern hub of activity, interspersed with ancient wonders, is extremely possible to spend one moment enjoying hyper-modern amenities and accommodations, and the next moment be surrounded by thousands of years of history. Oil is the primary basis of the city's modern economy, although petroleum has been refined here since the eighth century. There are dozens of universities throughout the city, and when looked at as a whole, Baku is an extremely luxurious setting, despite the fact that it is still catching up on many modern amenities (high-speed internet, for example, wasn’t commonly available until 2007).
The amount of things to see and do while in Baku are too many to list, and many travel sites list the city as one of the top 10 destinations in the world for the ultimate vacation. Whether you spend a few days here, a few weeks, or a few months, Baku will always have something waiting around the corner to surprise you with.